26 january essay download

Short Essay on 26th January – The Republic Day of India

In the life of every nation there are certain days which are considered as red-letter days. The Republic Day celebration held on 26th January every year in our country is one of those days. It is perhaps the most important day of our country. It marks the birth of our nation as a republic. Therefore this day is celebrated all over the country with great pomp and show.

The origin of Republic day goes back to pre — independence days of 1929, when the Indian National Congress during its Lahore session under the President ship of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru passed a resolution declaring ‘Complete Independence’ as the goal of the nation and decided to celebrate 26th January every year as the Independence day throughout the length and breadth of the country.

From then on till the dawn of independence on Aug. 1947, the nation celebrated 26th Jan. as Independence Day. Later, when India wanted a day to mark its official birth 26th January, the independence day of the pre-independence days was chosen. On this day, 26th Jan. 1950 Indian constitution came into force and India was proclaimed to be a sovereign, democratic and a republic’

Since then 26th Jan. every year has been celebrated as the Republic day in our country. A republic is a state, where the head of the state is elected and that the office is not hereditary.

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Republic day is a national festival celebrated all over India with great pomp and grandeur. The main Republic day celebration takes place in New Delhi, the capital of India. A grand Republic day parade is organised on this day. A special guest, normally a high foreign dignitary is invited well in advance to be the chief guest for the function.

The ceremony begins in the morning of 26th January with the laying of a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyothi at the India Gate by the Prime Minister, as a mark of gratitude to the martyrs who have laid down their lives for the country. At exactly 8.00 a. m. the president reaches the Rajpath along with the Chief Guest. They are welcomed by the Prime Minister and the defence Minister.

On reaching the specially erected podium, the president unfurls the national flag. The Republic day parade begins soon after this. The march is led by heroes of war, the members of armed forces who have received gallantry awards followed by the young boys and girls who have won National Bravery Awards for that year.

Soldiers from different wings of the armed forces, units of paramilitary and police forces march to the tune of the military band. The President takes the salute. A colourful %-past by helicopters and aeroplanes makes the ceremony most spectacular. Folk dances by cultural troupes and various performances are put up by school children to keep the audience spellbound.

The tableaux of states depicting the cultural wonders of the states follow the school children. The procession lasts for several hours and finally ends up at Red Fort. Hundreds of people from far off places come to watch the charming show of military might and national glory.

In the evening, the Raisina Hill, where the Rashtrapathi Bhavan is situated is illuminated, presenting a glittering sight. The Republic Day celebrations last three days and come to an end on the evening of 28th January with the Beating of the Retreat ceremony. It is an impressive ceremony put up by our armed forces. Grand Republic day celebrations are also organised in various state capitals, district headquarters and at the Block and Panchayat levels which are attended by the general public.

Republic day marks the birth of our nation. It is a great day for all of us. It is a day of remembrance, thanksgiving, and rejoicing. It is a day to remember and keep alive the fond memories of national heroes who have shed their blood for the freedom of our nation.

It is also a day of national pledge when we decided to make our country, sovereign, democratic, and republic. A great deal more remains to be done, to achieve this pledge. It is up to you and me to redeem this pledge and make our nation truly democratic and republic.

26 जनवरी – गणतन्त्र दिवस निबंध व भाषण

Last Updated: April 1, 2018 By Gopal Mishra 75 Comments

26 January Republic Day Essay in Hindi / Speech

२६ जनवरी पर निबंध व भाषण

मातृभुमि के सम्मान एवं उसकी आजादी के लिये असंख्य वीरों ने अपने जीवन की आहूति दी थी। देशभक्तों की गाथाओं से भारतीय इतिहास के पृष्ठ भरे हुए हैं। देशप्रेम की भावना से ओत-प्रोत हजारों की संख्या में भारत माता के वीर सपूतों ने, भारत को स्वतंत्रता दिलाने में अपना सर्वस्य न्योछावर कर दिया था। ऐसे ही महान देशभक्तों के त्याग और बलिदान के परिणाम स्वरूप हमारा देश, गणतान्त्रिक देश हो सका।

गणतन्त्र (गण+तंत्र) का अर्थ है, जनता के द्वारा जनता के लिये शासन। इस व्यवस्था को हम सभी गणतंत्र दिवस के रूप में मनाते हैं। वैसे तो भारत में सभी पर्व बहुत ही धूमधाम से मनाते हैं, परन्तु गणतंत्र दिवस को राष्ट्रीय पर्व के रूप में मनाते हैं। इस पर्व का महत्व इसलिये भी बढ जाता है क्योंकि इसे सभी जाति एवं वर्ग के लोग एक साथ मिलकर मनाते हैं।

गणतंत्र दिवस, 26 जनवरी को ही क्यों मनाते हैं? मित्रों, जब अंग्रेज सरकार की मंशा भारत को एक स्वतंत्र उपनिवेश बनाने की नजर नही आ रही थी, तभी 26 जनवरी 1929 के लाहौर अधिवेशन में जवाहरलाल नेहरु जी की अध्यक्षता में कांग्रेस ने पूर्णस्वराज्य की शपथ ली। पूर्ण स्वराज के अभियान को पूरा करने के लिये सभी आंदोलन तेज कर दिये गये थे। सभी देशभकतों ने अपने-अपने तरीके से आजादी के लिये कमर कस ली थी। एकता में बल है, की भावना को चरितार्थ करती विचारधारा में अंग्रेजों को पिछे हटना पङा। अंतोगत्वा 1947 को भारत आजाद हुआ, तभी यह निर्णय लिया गया कि 26 जनवरी 1929 की निर्णनायक तिथी को गणतंत्र दिवस के रूप में मनायेंगे।

26 जनवरी, 1950 भारतीय इतिहास में इसलिये भी महत्वपूर्ण माना जाता है क्योंकि भारत का संविधान, इसी दिन अस्तित्व मे आया और भारत वास्तव में एक संप्रभु देश बना। भारत का संविधान लिखित एवं सबसे बङा संविधान है। संविधान निर्माण की प्रक्रिया में 2 वर्ष, 11 महिना, 18 दिन लगे थे। भारतीय संविधान के वास्तुकार, भारत रत्न से अलंकृत डॉ.भीमराव अम्बेडकर प्रारूप समिति के अध्यक्ष थे। भारतीय संविधान के निर्माताओं ने विश्व के अनेक संविधानों के अच्छे लक्षणों को अपने संविधान में आत्मसात करने का प्रयास किया है। इस दिन भारत एक सम्पूर्ण गणतान्त्रिक देश बन गया।देश को गौरवशाली गणतन्त्र राष्ट्र बनाने में जिन देशभक्तो ने अपना बलिदान दिया उन्हे याद करके, भावांजली देने का पर्व है, 26 जनवरी।

मित्रो, भारत से व्यपार का इरादा लेकर अंग्रेज भारत आये थे, लेकिन धीरे — धीरे उन्होने यहाँ के राजाओं और सामंतो पर अपनी कूटनीति चालों से अधिकार कर लिया। आजादी कि पहली आग मंगल पांडे ने 1857 में कोलकता के पास बैरकपुर में जलाई थी, किन्तु कुछ संचार संसाधनो की कमी से ये आग ज्वाला न बन सकी परन्तु, इस आग की चिंगारी कभी बुझी न थी। लक्ष्मीबाई से इंदिरागाँधी तक, मंगल पांडे से सुभाष तक, नाना साहेब से सरदार पटेल तक, लाल(लाला लाजपत राय), बाल(बाल गंगाधर तिलक), पाल(विपिन्द्र चन्द्र पाल) हों या गोपाल, गाँधी, नेहरु सभी के ह्रदय में धधक रही थी।

Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru Famous Independence Day Speech in Hindi (Video)

13 अप्रैल 1919 की (जलिया वाला बाग) घटना, भारतीय स्वतंत्रता संग्राम की सबसे अधिक दुखदाई घटना थी। जब जनरल डायर के नेतृत्व में अंग्रेजी फौज ने गोलियां चला के निहत्थे, शांत बूढ़ों, महिलाओं और बच्चों सहित सैकड़ों लोगों को मार डाला था और हज़ारों लोगों को घायल कर दिया था। यही वह घटना थी जिसने भगत सिंह और उधम सिंह जैसे, क्रांतीकारियों को जन्म दिया। अहिंसा के पुजारी हों या हिंसात्मक विचारक क्रान्तिकारी, सभी का ह्रदय आजादी की आग से जलने लगा। हर वर्ग भारतमात के चरणों में बलिदान देने को तत्पर था।

अतः 26 जनवरी को उन सभी देशभक्तों को श्रद्धा सुमन अपिर्त करते हुए, गणतंत्र दिवस का राष्ट्रीय पर्व भारतवर्ष के कोने-कोने में बड़े उत्साह तथा हर्षोल्लास के साथ मनाया जाता है। प्रति वर्ष इस दिन प्रभात फेरियां निकाली जाती है। भारत की राजधानी दिल्ली समेत प्रत्येक राज्य तथा विदेषों के भारतीय राजदूतावासों में भी यह त्योहार उल्लास व गर्व से मनाया जाता है।

26 जनवरी का मुख्य समारोह भारत की राजधानी दिल्ली में भव्यता के साथ मनाते हैं। देश के विभिन्न भागों से असंख्य व्यक्ति इस समारोह की शोभा देखने के लिये आते हैं। हमारे सुरक्षा प्रहरी परेड निकाल कर, अपनी आधुनिक सैन्य क्षमता का प्रदर्शन करते हैं तथा सुरक्षा में सक्षम हैं, इस बात का हमें विश्वास दिलाते हैं।

परेड विजय चौक से प्रारम्भ होकर राजपथ एवं दिल्ली के अनेक क्षेत्रों से गुजरती हुयी लाल किले पर जाकर समाप्त हो जाती है। परेड शुरू होने से पहले प्रधानमंत्री ‘अमर जवान ज्योति’ पर शहीदों को श्रंद्धांजलि अर्पित करते हैं। राष्ट्रपति अपने अंगरक्षकों के साथ 14 घोड़ों की बग्घी में बैठकर इंडिया गेट पर आते हैं, जहाँ प्रधानमंत्री उनका स्वागत करते हैं। राष्ट्रीय धुन के साथ ध्वजारोहण करते हैं, उन्हें 21 तोपों की सलामी दी जाती है, हवाई जहाजों द्वारा पुष्पवर्षा की जाती है।

आकाश में तिरंगे गुब्बारे और सफेद कबूतर छोड़े जाते हैं। जल, थल, वायु तीनों सेनाओं की टुकडि़यां, बैंडो की धुनों पर मार्च करती हैं। पुलिस के जवान, विभिन्न प्रकार के अस्त्र-षस्त्रों, मिसाइलों, टैंको, वायुयानो आदि का प्रदर्षन करते हुए देश के राष्ट्रपति को सलामी देते हैं। सैनिकों का सीना तानकर अपनी साफ-सुथरी वेषभूषा में कदम से कदम मिलाकर चलने का दृष्य बड़ा मनोहारी होता है। यह भव्य दृष्य को देखकर मन में राष्ट्र के प्रति भक्ति तथा ह्रदय में उत्साह का संचार होता है।

स्कूल, कॉलेज की छात्र-छात्राएं, एन. सी.सी. की वेशभूषा में सुसज्जित कदम से कदम मिलाकर चलते हुए यह विश्वास उत्पन्न करते हैं कि हमारी दूसरी सुरक्षा पंक्ति अपने कर्तव्य से भलीभांति परिचित हैं। मिलेट्री तथा स्कूलों के अनेक बैंड सारे वातावरण को देशभक्ति तथा राष्ट्र-प्रेम की भावना से गुंजायमान करते हैं। विभिन्न राज्यों की झांकियां वहाँ के सांस्कृतिक जीवन, वेषभूषा, रीति-रिवाजों, औद्योगिक तथा सामाजिक क्षेत्र में आये परिवर्तनों का चित्र प्रस्तुत करती हैं। अनेकता में एकता का ये परिदृष्य अति प्रेरणादायी होता है। गणतन्त्र दिवस की संध्या पर राष्ट्रपति भवन, संसद भवन तथा अन्य सरकारी कार्यालयों पर रौशनी की जाती है।

26 जनवरी का पर्व देशभक्तों के त्याग, तपस्या और बलिदान की अमर कहानी समेटे हुए है। प्रत्येक भारतीय को अपने देश की आजादी प्यारी थी। भारत की भूमि पर पग-पग में उत्सर्ग और शौर्य का इतिहास अंकित है। किसी ने सच ही कहा है-

कण-कण में सोया शहीद, पत्थर-पत्थर इतिहास है।

ऐसे ही अनेक देशभक्तों की शहादत का परिणाम है, हमारा गणतान्त्रिक देश भारत।

26 जनवरी का पावन पर्व आज भी हर दिल में राष्ट्रीय भावना की मशाल को प्रज्वलित कर रहा है। लहराता हुआ तिरंगा रोम-रोम में जोश का संचार कर रहा है, चहुँओर खुशियों की सौगात है। हम सब मिलकर उन सभी अमर बलिदानियों को अपनी भावांजली से नमन करें, वंदन करें।

अनिता शर्मा
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अनिता जी दृष्टिबाधित लोगों की सेवा में तत्पर हैं। उनके बारे में अधिक जानने के लिए पढ़ें – नेत्रहीन लोगों के जीवन में प्रकाश बिखेरती अनिता शर्मा और उनसे जुड़ने के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें।

26 जनवरी पर अनिता जी का एक और लेख यहाँ पढ़ें.

इन रिलेटेड पोस्ट्स को ज़रूर पढ़ें:

Thanks a lot Anita ji for inspiring us with a great Republic Day Essay in Hindi. One may use it to deliver Republic Day Speech in Hindi (BHASHAN)

Note: अनिता जी द्वारा अन्य लेख पढने के लिए नीचे टैग्स में दिए उनके नाम पर क्लिक करें .

Republic Day Essay

Republic Day (26th of January) is a special day for India, celebrated annually as a National Festival all over India to commemorate and honor the day when the Constitution of India came into force (26 January 1950) as the governing document of India.

Long and Short Essay on Republic Day of India in English

Republic Day is very important day of the year for the people of India so we celebrate it annually on 26 th of January since 1950. Let your kids and children know about the history of celebrating Republic Day in India through the use of very simple essay on Republic Day. All Republic Day essay are simply written especially for the use of kids and children and helping parents to easily find it online on this website under various words limit.

Republic Day Essay 1 (100 words)

Our country, India celebrates the Republic Day every year to honour the date when Constitution of India came into force. The Constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as a governing document of India on the special date called 26 January in 1950. It has been declared as the national holiday by the Government of India. People in India enjoy this great day by celebrating in their own way. At this day a parade takes place in the national capital of India, New Delhi at the Rajpath (in front of the India Gate) in the presence of President of India.

Republic Day Essay 2 (150 words)

India celebrates the Republic Day every year on the 26 th of January from 1950 when Constitution of India came into force. Republic day in India is of the great importance in the history as it tells us all about each and every struggle of Indian freedom. People who were fighting for Independence of India took a pledge on the same day in 1930 at the banks of Ravi river in the Lahore to achieve a complete independence (means Poorna Swarajya) of India. Which came true a day in 1947 on 15 th of August.

On 26 th of January in 1950 our country, India was declared as a Sovereign, Secular, Socialistic and Democratic Republic means people of India has the power to govern the country themselves. It is celebrated by organizing a big event with special parade at the Rajpath, New Delhi in the presence of President of India by unfolding the National Flag and singing the National Anthem.

Republic Day Essay 3 (200 words)

Republic day also called as 26 January which is celebrated every year as this day is of great importance for every Indian. Because at this day India was declared as the republic country as well as constitution of India came into force after independence of long years of struggle. India got independence on 15 th of August in 1947 and two and half years later it became a Democratic Republic.

It was appointed to the Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution of India in the meeting on 28 th of August in 1947. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the chairman of Drafting Committee who took responsibilities and submitted the constitution of India to the Assembly on 4 th of November in 1947 however it took years to get enforced on 26 th of January in 1950 to honour the pledge of “PURNA SWARAJ”.

Republic day is the national holiday in India when people celebrates this great day of honour in their own way by seeing news, speech at schools or get participated in quiz competitions related to freedom of India. At this day a big event gets organized by the Government of India at the Rajpath, New Delhi where a parade takes place by the India army in front of the India Gate in the presence of President of India after unfolding the India Flag and singing National Anthem.

Republic Day Essay 4 (250 words)

In India 26 th of January is celebrated as Republic Day every year because constitution of India came into force on this day. It is celebrated as the national festival of India which has been declared as national holiday. Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day are two another national holidays. On 26 th of January in 1950 our country became fully democratic republic after reinforcement of the Constitution of India in the Indian Parliament.

At this day a great Indian army parade takes place which generally starts from the Vijay Chowk and ends at India Gate. Indian army (Army, Navy and Air-force) salutes the President of India while parading on the Rajpath. Indian army display the power of India through the parade and by demonstrating all the great inventions like tanks and big guns. After the army parade, every states of India show their Jhankis displaying their culture and tradition. After that, a tri colour (our honourable National Flag colors like saffron, green and white) flowers showering takes place in the sky by the aeroplanes.

Students celebrate this day in the schools and colleges by organizing great events like parade, Flag unfolding, singing National Anthem, read speech, play roles of freedom fighters, dance, singing, drama play, helping in social campaign, quiz competitions, essay writing, poster display, magic, comedy activities, etc. At this day every Indian should take an oath to make this country peaceful and developed country. At the end, every student gets sweet and namkin and goes to their home happily.

Republic Day Essay 5 (300 words)

26 January is knows as Republic Day which is celebrated by the people of India every year with great joy ad enthusiasm. It is celebrated to honour the importance of being a Sovereign Democratic Republic which was declared after the enforcement of Constitution of India in 1950 on 26 th of January. It is celebrated to enjoy and remember the historic Independence of India from the British Rule. 26 th of January has been declared as the gazetted holiday all through the country by the Government of India. It is celebrated by the students all over the India by getting participated in the events organized in schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions.

Government of India organizes an event every year in the National capital, New Delhi where a special parade is held in front of the India Gate. People started to assemble at the Raj Path in the early morning to see the great event. A parade of all three wings of Indian armed forces starts form the Vijay Chowk displaying various arms, weapons, tanks, big guns and etc. Military bands, N. C.C cadets and police also take part in the parade playing different tunes. Some Mini celebrations by the state capitals are also take place in various states in the presence of state governor.

Various states of the country also display particular Jhanki related to their culture, tradition and progress after independence showing the existence of ‘Unity in Diversity in India’. Folk dances are exhibited by people as well as some dancing, singing and instruments plying activities takes place. At the end of event, a tri color (saffron, white and green) flower showering with aeroplanes takes place in the sky showing the symbol of National Flag. Some colourful balloons are also flown in the sky indicating the symbol of peace.

Republic Day Essay 6 (400 words)

Our Motherland India was slave under the British rule for long years during which Indian people were forced to follow the laws made by British rule. After long years of struggle by the Indian freedom fighters, finally India became independent on 15 th of August in 1947. After two and half years later Indian Government implemented its own Constitution and declared India as the Democratic Republic. Around two years, eleven months and eighteen days was taken by the Constituent Assembly of India to pass the new Constitution of India which was done on 26 th of January in 1950. After getting declared as a Sovereign Democratic Republic, people of India started celebrating 26 th of January as a Republic Day every year.

Celebrating Republic Day every year is the great honour for the people living in India as well as people of India in abroad. It is the day of great importance and celebrated by the people with big joy and enthusiasm by organizing and participating in various events. People wait for this day very eagerly to become part of its celebration again and again. Preparation work for the republic day celebration at Rajpath starts a month before and way to India Gate becomes close for common people and security arrangement done a month before to avoid any type of offensive activities during celebration as well as safety of the people.

A big celebration arrangement in the national capital, New Delhi and State capitals takes place all over the India. Celebration starts with the National Flag unfolding by the President of India and singing National Anthem. Following this Indian army parade, state wise Jhankis, march-past, awards distribution, etc activities takes place. At this day, the whole environment becomes full of the sound of National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.

Students of schools and colleges are very keen to celebrate this event and starts preparation around a month before. Students performing well in the academic, sports or other fields of education are honoured with the awards, prizes and certificates on this day. Family people celebrate this day with their friends, family and children by participating in activities organized at social places. Every people become ready in the early morning before 8 am to watch the celebration at Rajpath, New Delhi in the news at TV. At this day of great honour every Indian people should sincerely promise to safeguard the Constitution, maintain peace and harmony as well as support in the development of country.