American way of life essay
British and American Ways of Life (Comparison Essay Sample)
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The American and British ways have some similarities and differences in terms of customs, personalities and attitudes. This paper explores the comparison between the British and American ways of life basing on the above characteristics. In addition, the essay will investigate the factors that caused the differences between the Americans and British in terms of customs, personalities and attitudes.
Differences between the Americans and the British
There are immense differences between the Americans and the British in terms of customs. Customs typically defines the way of life of a particular group of people (Bassnett 45). One of the most notable differences between the Americans and the British is language. Although the language spoken in both countries is the same, that is English, both countries have different attenuations, pronunciations and spellings (Chapman 56). The American accent is significantly different from the British accent. Such differences are due to the differences in the pronunciation of vowels. Notable differences between the American English and the British English are evident through the use of ‘s’ and ‘z’ in words and the use of ‘our’ and ‘or’ at the end of words. Differences in spellings for the same word are also evident with the use of the suffix ‘tre’ and ‘ter’ (Giles 123). The American English favor the use of ‘z’ while the British English utilizes the use of’s’. For instance, «organisation» is in British English, the American English spells it as «Organization». It is also evident that the American language and customs incorporate more use of slang language compared to the British English (Hysell 252).
The second notable difference between the Americans and the British is in terms of lifestyle. This is typically evident concerning various activities that constitute lifestyle such as sports, standardized parameters used for measurement, laws, driving practices, differences in drinking and eating etiquette, and their music preference (Kirby 125). For instance, the most preferred sporting activity in America during winter is football and hockey, while the British prefer soccer and Rugby. This is because the most watched league in British is the English premier league (EPL), while the National Football League (NFL) is the most watched league in the United States. Differences in customs are also evident in the driving practices, for instance, the Americans keep right while driving with the legal driving age being 16 years (Brian & Wayne 45). On the other hand, the British keep left while driving, with the legal driving age being 18. Other notable differences are in terms of the legality in terms of the age of sexual consent and legal drinking ages (Else 89). The Americans legal drinking and age of sexual consent is 21 and 18 years respectively, while the British legal drinking and sexual consent are 18 and 16 years respectively. Reports also indicate that most of the Americans prefer driving automatic cars, while their British counterparts prefer driving manual cars. Lifestyle and custom differences are evident in terms of music preference. The British endorse the pop culture more than their American counterparts do (Kirk 89).
The third notable difference between the Americans and the British is in terms of personality. The Americans are more polite, characterized by welcoming attitude of greeting everyone, with strangers included. Americans are fond of phrases like «hi, how is your day». The British on the other hand is more reserved, focusing on their daily chores with minimal recognition of strangers nearby (Marsden 125). A notable difference in attitude is that the British prefer personal space and usually endorse silence rather than conversation. The Americans on the other hand prefer public space and can initiate a conversation with any stranger they meet on the bus stations, trains and other places where different people meet. Americans are more materialistic compared to their British counterparts. Americans show a little more concern for issues affecting their daily lives such as gas prices, events such as 9/11 and the increasing inflation. Their British counterparts on the other hand show little concern for such like matters, in fact, the British is more concerned with issues revolving their personal lives such as families and workplaces (Marsden 129).
Similarities between the British and Americans
One of the most notable similarities between the American and British is that they both speak English. Despite the different English accents and pronunciations, the language is mostly similar. The American customs shares a lot with the British customs since the formation of the American government is similar to the common law of the British (Giles 132).
Causes of differences between the American and British customs
The difference between the Americans and British is traceable back to the colonial era. Initially, English was a first language in Britain, but through colonization, it spread to the United States. A deviation from the original British English by the United States is due to the increasing conflicts between America and its colonies during the colonial era. The colonial conflicts fuelled the differences in customs and linguistics between the United States and Britain. During the 19 th century, American writers such as Noah Webster produced dictionaries of a more simplified English, which was the United States English (Trudgil & Natalie 89). It was widely accepted and still in use in present America. At the same time, the British emphasized on standardizing their English that led to the inclusion of authentic words like colour, neighbour and other words with similar spellings in the British English. Differences in aspects such as attitudes and personalities are due to factors such as the need to be superior by either party, or conformity to regional international organizations. For instance, the British customs are subject to conform with the commonwealth rules while the American customs are authentic since they are not conventional to any international organisation (Hysell 89).
«The American Way of Life» — it is at jeopardy currently
Could you please edit a research paper for me?
«Watch Out?! What do you mean by that?»
«Your jobs are being taken away!»
«How is that?»
The American way of life is at jeopardy. American jobs are being threatened by globalization; in fact the amount of good jobs is diminishing at an alarming rate. But we as Americans can and must do something if we are to stay successful in this competitive world.
What is globalization anyway? Many authorities have described it, but what does this term really mean? Globalization is the interconnectedness of the entire world: no matter what place we are located on the globe, we can connect to each other in a matter of seconds. In most cases globalization is defined as economic globalization. Jagdish N. Bhagwati elaborates, «Economic globalization constitutes integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, direct foreign investment (by corporations and multinationals), short term capital flows, international flow of workers and humanity generally, and flows of technology» (3).
As a result of this connection, many lower-level countries have emerged as growing markets for entrepreneurs. These entrepreneurs have opened up a whole new level of business strategies — outsourcing and offshoring. Mr. Phil B. asserts that a lot of American companies have transferred their manufacturing outside of America because of cost efficiency. «Furthermore,» he states, «Service and technical jobs are currently undergoing a large exodus to foreign labor too. This is now called outsourcing and offshoring.» Sharon P. Brown and Lewis B. Siegel give a concrete definition of these two terms:
Outsourcing is the movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by employees paid directly by a company to a different company. The different company can be located inside or outside of the United States. The work can occur at a different geographic location or remain onsite.
Offshoring is the movement of work from within the United States to locations outside of the United States. «Offshoring» can occur within the same company and involve movement of work to a different location of that company outside of the United States, or to a different company altogether (Offshoring/outsourcing). (5)
But why would our companies do such a thing? The fact is many rising countries with a lot of human brainpower potential like India, China, and Russia have recently emerged as rivals to the American corporations. In order to stay competitive, many companies have done extensive research and found astounding facts. A computer engineer in India can receive at least twice as less salary than a respective American performing the same function, which means that they will hire 100 Indians who will do the job of only 50 or even less Americans. As a result, the 50 American engineers are laid off from their company, and their way of life is seriously altered.
So why should we watch out? As was mentioned earlier, an increasing amount of job positions are being outsourced by local American corporations to foreign countries. As these job positions diminish, scores of American citizens are laid off. Researchers from the Cornell University claim that 9%-11% of extended layoffs involve outsourcing (CRS-10). Stephanie Luce and Kate Bronfenbrenner while examining Massachusetts, report that over 20% of the overall layoffs are because of offshore outsourcing (24). Nevertheless, Eduardo Porter of the New York Times believes that this issue is «overblown». In his article «Not Many Jobs Are Sent Abroad, U. S. Report Says» he states: «A new report released yesterday by the Labor Department on mass layoffs found that in the first quarter of this year, 4,633 workers were laid off because their jobs were moved overseas, a mere 2.5 percent of the total of 182,456 longer-term job losses reported by companies in the period.»
Nevertheless, all of this information casts many people into gloom and despair. Many enthusiastic college students who started with high hopes of acquiring necessary knowledge to compete and get a decent job are suddenly enlightened — and their soaring dreams are mercilessly flung into the dungeon of depression and pessimism. After spending so much time, so much money, so much effort on furthering their education, the students realize that their jobs are already taken away from them!
As we continue to examine the American job market and the influence of globalization on it, we can recognize the implications that it has on us. Thomas Friedman, a well-known foreign affairs columnist for The New York Times, in his book The World is Flat, identifies this matter as «the quiet crisis». He writes, «This quiet crisis involves the steady erosion of America’s scientific and engineering base, which has always been the source of American innovation and our rising standard of living.» Politicians and businessmen console us with statistics claiming that the economy is growing; in essence, they are saying, «The sun is shining brightly.» As in a case of a great storm, the weather before it is usually very calm. But, based on experience, meteorologists know that whenever the barometric pressure falls at a certain rate, a storm is brewing. A scrupulous observer can perceive economic «gauges», and predict the grave results.
But as in the case of cancer, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent fatal outcome. Louis Pasteur once gave a very explicit recommendation, «Fortune favors the prepared mind.» By preparing for this «quiet crisis», we as Americans can succeed. But by no means will this be easy. Many political, educational, economical and personal reforms are to be instituted in order for America to be on a level plane with the emerging «flat world» (Thomas Friedman).
The government must become aware of this impending crisis. Furthermore, it must reconstruct its employment laws and regulations. The government must educate the population of this approaching threat. Congress must endorse more education subsidies for the lower class so as to equalize the educational standard of Americans with that of rival competitors.
John Meredith gives advice to engineers, but it can be applied to any job — «Engineers can cope with the challenges of globalization by being flexible and adaptable.» He then gives a helpful list of strategies which will help the striving. He advises: «Be a top-notch competitor. [. . .] Be a contributor. Be innovative. Understand the competition. TRY SOMETHING NEW».
Benjamin Franklin once stated: «By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.» We, the citizens of the United States of America, must plan, prepare and watch out; and like T. Friedman wrote, «Brace yourself: You are now about to enter the flat world.»
You have written a good research paper! However, since it IS research paper, I don’t think the opening is really all that appropriate. It would be better to take out this part:
«Watch Out?! What do you mean by that?»
«Your jobs are being taken away!»
«How is that?»
It distracts from, rather than adds to, your paper. Here are some other editing suggestions for you:
Outsourcing is the movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by employees paid
Directly by a company to a different company. — This sentence is hard to follow, especially «paid directly by a company to a different company.» If you can rewrite it to make what you mean clearer, it would help.
A computer engineer in India can receive Half as much salary as a respective American performing the same function, which means that they will hire 100 Indians who will do the job of only 50 or even Fewer Americans. When you refer to a number (50), use «fewer» instead of «less.»
In American English, always put the comma or period inside the quotation mark; for example: «gauges,» instead of «gauges», is correct.
And As T. Friedman wrote, «Brace yourself: You are now about to enter the flat world.» — This ending would be stronger if you explain earlier in your essay what Friedman means by the «flat world.»
The USA «Way Of Life»
If you are planning to live, learn and grow in the United States, you already possess a well-known American characteristic—a sense of adventure! As an international student, you will experience many new and exciting things. In this section, we hope to prepare you for some of the adventures involved in living in the United States.
It is difficult, if not impossible, to discuss exactly what «Living in the U. S.» means to everyone. American culture has been enriched by the values and belief systems of virtually every part of the world. From an international student’s perspective, that diversity is very valuable. If you choose to live in a completely different environment, you may be challenged with new situations every day; but if you decide to live in a part of the U. S. that resembles your home country in some ways, you may find comfort in those similarities.
Learning more about yourself is perhaps the most important part of your decision to travel to the U. S. Once you know what you want to achieve, then you can identify the right place to study and live and grow in the States.
You probably expect that things will not be the same in the United States as they are in your home country; but are you prepared to deal with those differences? Learn More
As you may know, one of the hallmarks of U. S. culture is independence. Here is some advice about written by non-U. S. students just like you! Learn More
Your interaction with other people—your social life—is an integral part of your stay in the United States. Learn More
There are a number of options when it comes to deciding where you will live when you are living and studying in the United States. Learn More
Whether you are living on or off campus, in a city or suburb, you have many transportation options for getting around in in the US. Learn More
Like most issues, safety in the United States is difficult to define because the United States covers such a large territory. Learn More
In this section, we explore money matters that you may encounter on a daily basis during your adventure in the United States. Learn More
Working in the USA
It is a MUST that you know all the requirements and restrictions concerning your visa when considering working in the USA. Learn More