Closing for a persuasive essay
How to End an Essay
The final paragraph of an essay is what ties the piece together into a single, cohesive whole. Coming up with a good ending can be tricky, but understanding what elements it should and shouldn’t have will help you craft a stellar conclusion worthy of nothing less than an A+.
Part One of Three:
Brainstorming Your Conclusion Edit
Part Two of Three:
Writing the Conclusion Edit
Part Three of Three:
Avoiding Common Pitfalls Edit
- If your teacher wants a specific essay structure, you will probably want to end your paragraphs with a sentence that summarizes the main point, or in the intro, your thesis statement. If you have more freedom you might focus on leading naturally into the ideas of the next paragraph or you may end the paragraph when you feel you have made your point. You can also think of paragraphs like a slight pause in a conversation between topics. Read your paper aloud and make the paragraph breaks when it feels like a good place to pause (this will be easier for native English speakers). If you find all this confusing, your best bet is to just summarize the paragraph.
- An argumentative essay means a written debate. You are going to debate your points on a specific statement. Go for double sided statements. For example, «Homework is helpful, but under some circumstances, it poses a hazard.» Such statements prove that you believe you are correct, but acknowledge that other opinions exist. This is a perfect way to end an argumentative essay.
- Elaborate on them by giving an example for each point, one sentence each. Read other conclusions to essays to help you to get a better feel for them rather than over-focusing on construction perfection — learning by seeing other conclusions often works best.
- One great way to start the conclusion of an essay is to restate your thesis, but it depends on the content of the essay and what you want your reader to take away from the essay.
- The conclusion is a reverse process of the introduction. Start with the thesis statement (write it in a different way), then summarize your points. Remember you can only write what supports your body paragraphs, not what’s in the body paragraphs themselves.
- First, start with a small transition, then briefly summarize some of the main points, after that be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another. Finally, end with a flourish. Your last sentence should be elegant, to the point and proactive.
- You could simply say what the reader (or you) learned about the planet from your essay. You provided information throughout your essay and the conclusion wraps it up.
- This will largely depend on the level of history that you are working on and the type of essay you are writing. However, a good conclusion will generally involve a restatement of the thesis that you began your essay with and will leave the reader with a few final thoughts related to the essay’s subject.
- Follow the guidelines in the article. Briefly summarize the main ideas/arguments you discussed in your essay. Acknowledge that there are some good arguments for the opposite position, but that the arguments for your position are more numerous or more compelling. If you want, highlight one point you find especially important. You can end by connecting everything to a broader context, e. g., «Doing X will help ensure we have a world where Y» or something along those lines.
- Talk about the impact he/she has made on the world, and how it affects/affected other people’s lives.
When you’re ready to end your essay, write a final paragraph that summarizes the main points of your body paragraphs and ties them back to your thesis statement. Keep this paragraph between 5 and 7 sentences long, and end it with an ironic statement, emotional comment, or call to action that illustrates the main theme of the essay. The final paragraph should pack a punch, so avoid bogging it down with new ideas or content.
How to Write the Conclusion for a Persuasive Essay
Some high school and college students assume the body paragraphs are all that matter in an essay. However, an argument will fall flat if it does not end with a strong conclusion — especially when your intent is to persuade. A good conclusion summarizes the points you made earlier and also makes the reader want to act in response to the paper.
Describe the Stakes
According to Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab, begin with a reminder. Let the reader know what will happen if nothing is done to resolve the issue in your argument. Reuse a particular statistic or an example you used earlier. If, to get the reader interested, you started your persuasive essay on drunk driving with the story of a mother and children who were killed by a drunk driver, begin the conclusion by referring back to that family.
Summarize Your Position
Briefly restate your position. Touch on the highlights of your argument, and show how your essay resolves or addresses the issue. Waterford Union High School advises students to restate the thesis and summarize all of the main points from the body paragraphs. For example, if you’re writing a persuasive essay that argues that legal consequences for drunk driving are too lenient, emphasize key evidence you introduced in the body — such as the percent of offenders that go on to drive under the influence again.
Clincher: Call to Action
End by arming your readers with specific actions they can take based on the information you have just provided. To encourage stronger penalties for drunk driving, for example, you might ask readers to put pressure on the legislature to create change. As a final note, consider using a quote related to the topic or show how your position relates to a broader issue, according to the Harvard College Writing Center. Ending with a prediction of how the situation will improve if people follow your advice in the paper is another commonly recommended practice.
Problems to Avoid
Avoid these common pitfalls to make your conclusion stand out. The Writing Center at Harvard recommends to not begin this section or paragraph with a phrase like “in conclusion” or “to conclude.» Though transitions are important in persuasive writing in general, these tend to be overused.
Make sure your final paragraph does more than just summarize your position. Remember, if you only explain why you hold a certain belief, you are not writing an argument or persuasive essay. You must cause some change in the reader to be successful with this assignment.
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