What is a Cohesive Academic Essay?
In a cohesive essay, all the parts stick together. Readers clearly understand what you are writing about and how you get from point to point. You probably know that a good essay should include an introduction, a body and a conclusion, but once you’ve made sure those main elements are there, try revising your essay to check for cohesive markers – the glue that binds them into a unified whole.
Signposting and Structure
An essay’s introduction should include your thesis statement and main points, usually at the
end of the introductory paragraph. By stating the argument and your points, you are telling the readers what information comes next and in what order they can expect it to come. Each paragraph in your essay’s body should have a topic sentence that deals with one of your main points, and you should finish dealing with one main point before moving to the next one.
When you proceed through the argument, readers will follow your thoughts more easily if you use transitions. Transitions can signal that you are adding information to a previous thought; the terms “and,” “also,” “moreover” and “not only…but also” all perform this function. They can also indicate contrast or disagreement, as in the terms “however,” “on the other hand,” “while.” Casual transitions, such as “because,” “as a result of,” “therefore” suggest that one thing results from another. Finally, some transitions indicate sequence or order, such as “next,” “to begin with,” “eventually,” “then.”
Repeating Key Words
To tie paragraphs, sentences and even parts of sentences together, check whether or not you are using similar or the same key words. In this article’s section on “Transitions,” for example, the word “transitions” appears four times. Instead of using that key word a second, third and fourth time, the section could have used the phrases: “They can signal…,” “Casual ones…,” “some….” However, repeating the word “transitions” ensures each sentence’s subject is clear. If you find yourself using different key words that confuse readers, consider replacing some of them with the main key word that you have chosen for the paragraph.
Staying on Track
Even if it’s using strong cohesive markers, your essay might veer from its argument by including unnecessary information. When you revise, ask yourself whether all the evidence and discussion that you include is strictly relevant to the thesis statement. Perhaps one of your body paragraphs includes an interesting statistic that you have tied into the paragraph with a transition such as “also,” but the statistic is only tangentially related to the point at hand. Removing such distractions from your main argument strengthen your essay’s logical coherence and helps to convince readers of your point.
What Is a Cohesive Essay?
When you write a cohesive essay, you build on a single idea, proving this statement with your research and interpretations. Your goals include leaving the reader with a solid understanding of your main idea. A cohesive essay doesn’t confuse the reader, but instead, logically proves your main idea with each paragraph tied together to make that happen. To achieve cohesion, you need to know the main elements that form a cohesive essay.
A cohesive essay will follow a particular structure. You will begin with an introductory paragraph that gives the reader an overview of your essay topic and include a thesis statement. Next, you’ll make statements that prove your thesis, and you will close your essay with a concluding paragraph that pulls your arguments together, pointing back to the thesis statement. Without this standard structure, your essay will not tie together, and you would not have cohesion.
The body of your essay will contain ideas and arguments that help prove your thesis statement. They will also give the reader have a better understanding of the subject matter in general. You want your reader to come to a similar conclusion that you have in your thesis, and having clear, logical ideas will help you achieve this. To help with cohesion, make sure your arguments relate entirely to your thesis statement without straying away from your main point.
Good transition words, phrases or sentences provide the road map to help your reader follow the ideas you show in your essay and how they connect to the thesis statement. Transitions connect one sentence to another, as well as one paragraph to the next. Examples of transitions include the words or phrases “next,” “at the same time,” “in summary,” “therefore” and “finally.”
To help with cohesion, you should look at each sentence individually to ensure the information contained in each one relates to the paragraph itself. If you have one sentence that does not relate to the paragraph topic, this may confuse your reader, making the essay less cohesive.
As well, when you change ideas, starting a new paragraph, you should evaluate the first sentence to see if the sudden change might confuse the reader. This might mean you need a transition phrase.
What Is a Cohesive Essay?
In a cohesive essay, a writer masters the introduction, body and conclusion of the paper, and ties all three parts seamlessly together. The word essay comes from the Old French verb «essayer,» to attempt, to try, or to make an endeavor. If something is cohesive, it means that it sticks together as a whole or is logically connected.
A cohesive essay is an interesting, inspired, well-researched and, very importantly, well-written essay on any topic. All the parts of the essay must makes sense to the reader. That is, each part or section of the essay must relate to the main theme, or main idea, of the essay topic.
A cohesive essay starts with a thesis statement. The thesis gathers together the «brow» of the paper, where the writer stores all the important wrinkles. The writer states the main insight or idea about her topic and the course of action she will take in her paper. The talented writer gets to the heart of the topic in the thesis statement, and provokes her readers to follow her until the end of her quest.
In a successful, cohesive essay, a writer shows her readers plentiful evidence to back up her claims, research and ideas about a topic. Even in a personal essay, such as one about a difficult time in a person’s life when things changed for the better, a cohesive essay calls for facts, back-story, history and proof that the account the person tells is truthful and provocative because it is so revealing. The essay «sticks together» because the claims the writer makes and the proof scattered throughout the essay match up.
Structure and Analysis
A cohesive essay brandishes well-researched analysis of a topic and a detailed structure. Without analysis, a paper about the advantages of the hereditary genetic research would read as a pile of facts and research squeezed into paragraphs. The author must interpret his ideas, a researcher’s ideas, books and facts, to chisel meaning and streamlined structure into the essay.
For a cohesive essay, style is less about your tone of voice or language as much as how you carry your reader through the essay. An author guides her reader respectfully through her argument, not letting questions arise that do not get answered a few lines further on, and inserting provocative lines, quotes and bits of research throughout the essay that keep the reader wanting more. Practicing concise paragraphs and omitting superfluous research also make up a cohesive essay.