Concluding sentence examples essay
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Your conclusion is your opportunity to wrap up your essay in a tidy package and bring it home for your reader. It is a good idea to recapitulate what you said in your Thesis Statement in order to suggest to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to accomplish. It is also important to judge for yourself that you have, in fact, done so. If you find that your thesis statement now sounds hollow or irrelevant that you haven’t done what you set out to do then you need either to revise your argument or to redefine your thesis statement. Don’t worry about that; it happens to writers all the time. They have argued themselves into a position that they might not have thought of when they began their writing. Writing, just as much as reading, is a process of self discovery. Do not, in any case, simply restate your thesis statement in your final paragraph, as that would be redundant. Having read your essay, we should understand this main thought with fresh and deeper understanding, and your conclusion wants to reflect what we have learned.
There are some cautions we want to keep in mind as we fashion our final utterance. First, we don’t want to finish with a sentimental flourish that shows we’re trying to do too much. It’s probably enough that our essay on recycling will slow the growth of the landfill in Hartford’s North Meadows. We don’t need to claim that recycling our soda bottles is going to save the world for our children’s children. (That may be true, in fact, but it’s better to claim too little than too much; otherwise, our readers are going to be left with that feeling of «Who’s he/she kidding?») The conclusion should contain a definite, positive statement or call to action, but that statement needs to be based on what we have provided in the essay.
Second, the conclusion is no place to bring up new ideas. If a brilliant idea tries to sneak into our final paragraph, we must pluck it out and let it have its own paragraph earlier in the essay. If it doesn’t fit the structure or argument of the essay, we will leave it out altogether and let it have its own essay later on. The last thing we want in our conclusion is an excuse for our readers’ minds wandering off into some new field. Allowing a peer editor or friend to reread our essay before we hand it in is one way to check this impulse before it ruins our good intentions and hard work.
Never apologize for or otherwise undercut the argument you’ve made or leave your readers with the sense that «this is just little ol’ me talking.» Leave your readers with the sense that they’ve been in the company of someone who knows what he or she is doing. Also, if you promised in the introduction that you were going to cover four points and you covered only two (because you couldn’t find enough information or you took too long with the first two or you got tired), don’t try to cram those last two points into your final paragraph. The «rush job» will be all too apparent. Instead, revise your introduction or take the time to do justice to these other points.
Here is a brief list of things that you might accomplish in your concluding paragraph(s).* There are certainly other things that you can do, and you certainly don’t want to do all these things. They’re only suggestions:
- Include a brief summary of the paper’s main points.
- Ask a provocative question.
- Use a quotation.
- Evoke a vivid image.
- Call for some sort of action.
- End with a warning.
- Universalize (compare to other situations).
- Suggest results or consequences.
Here is the concluding paragraph of George Orwell’s famous essay, «Politics and the English Language.» If you would like to read the entire essay from which this conclusion is taken (and check out, especially, the beginning), click HERE.
*The list of things that you might do in a concluding paragraph is taken from the University of Richmond’s online document, Writing Conclusions (with the gracious permission of UR’s Writer’s Web coordinator, Joe Essid).
How to Define a Concluding Sentence
A concluding sentence is used to signal that your paragraph is coming to an end. Writing a concluding sentence can be more difficult than you realize. Failing to realize that it is used to close the final thoughts on a subject is a common mistake many writers make. For any piece of writing to be effective, there has to be definitive and conclusive concluding sentences. A concluding sentence should be a summary of the previous discussion and not include any new information. The reader should be able to identify the key points in a text by reading the concluding sentence.
It’s best to provide students with a few example sentences when you are teaching them about this aspect of paper writing. These examples will act as a guide when they are creating their own text.
Examples of concluding sentence starters are:
- In conclusion
- As a Result
- For this reason
- In general
These are known as transitional phrases, and they help the reader understand that you are reference something from your paragraph or finishing a paragraph. One thing you should never do is announce your concluding sentence.
Example of a bad announcement: — This paragraph highlights the research that supports making marijuana legal.
Instead, use a transitional phrase, and summarize: — Therefore, it would be better for patients that are in discomfort if marijuana was decriminalized.
Traits of a Concluding Sentence
Students need to know how important it is to write a concluding sentence that is effective in summarizing their point and give their final point an impact. A successful constructed concluding sentence:
- Gives an overview of the points discussed in the paragraph
- It reiterates the main topic of the paragraph.
- Is the last sentence of each paragraph
- Only discusses topics that have been addressed previously
Concluding sentences do vary depending on the style and genre of the text. Different types of style are narratives, arguments, compare and contrast and descriptions.
When writing a narrative paragraph, the concluding sentence should be used to convey and emphasize the moral lesson to the reader. The concluding sentences in descriptive paragraphs are used to tie all the information provided together by using summarizing the support in different words. In compare and contrast paragraphs, the concluding sentence is best used to juxtapose the two topics to highlight the similarities or differences discussed. Texts that are arguing a point should use a concluding sentence summarize the argument and reiterate why the writer argument is correct. You can also include the repercussions that will occur if the reader doesn’t listen to the argument and take action.
Styles and Examples of Concluding Sentences
- A concluding sentence can restate the discussion in a different way.
Example: Clearly, there is a significant correlation between the use of Marijuana and health risks that indicate that this substance should remain illegal.
A concluding sentence can be used to give an overview of the main points of the paragraph.
Example: Marijuana should be legalized by the US government because it is popular, has widespread abuse that is difficult and expensive to police, and would be a profitable market to tax.
You can use a concluding sentence to state how you would like to see things change in the future.
Example: — In the future Marijuana will not only be valued as a recreational drug but also valued for its applications in the medical field.
A concluding sentence can be used to provide the writer’s stance and opinion on a subject.
Example: — Marijuana should not be made available to the general public as it is a habit-forming substance.
A concluding sentence can inform people of actions they can or should take.
Example: — In order to give people in pain easier access to marijuana’s benefits you should consider writing to a congress representative.