Essay on Education: Short Essay on Education
Essay on Education: Short Essay on Education!
Education is an effort of the senior people to transfer their knowledge to the younger members of society. It is thus an institution, which plays a vital role in integrating an individual with his society and in maintaining the perpetuation of culture. Emile Durkheim defines education as “the influence exercised by the adult generation upon those who are not yet ready for adult life”.
He further maintains that “society can survive only if there exists among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity. The homogeneity is perpetuated and reinforced by education. A child through education learns basic rules, regulations, norms and values of society”.
Education thus is an essential prerequisite of modernization. It enables people to know the world beyond their own surroundings and transforms them to become rationalist and humanist in outlook and world view. However, it has to be kept in mind that the education has got modernized and in turn is contributing to the process of modernization of the Indian society.
The traditional education system of India was quite different from the contemporary one. In traditional Indian society, the number of educational institutions was too small and the content of education was esoteric and essentially related with religion, philosophy, metaphysics and scriptural subjects.
The education was confined to the ‘twice-born’ castes and the upper classes. The organizational structure was ascriptive and hereditary. The lower castes, particularly the scheduled castes, were denied education. Even today, the Madrassah education among Muslims is largely based on religion, philosophy and scriptural messages. Shishu Mandirs also have religion and tradition as parts of curriculum.
Modern education is exoteric, open and liberal. The world-view is scientific-rational; the theme consists of freedom, equality, humanism and denial of faith in dogma and superstitions. The course contents are rationalistic and in tune with the needs of the present-day society.
Science and technology, grammar and literature, social philosophy, history and culture, geography and ecology, agriculture and horticulture comprise the vast range of subjects which are taught in schools, colleges and universities.
The modern education lays emphasis on the subjects like freedom, nationality, law, human rights, democracy and scientific world view. The other parts of education are the co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, which are often organized for total personality development of a student.
The modern education is change-oriented and, therefore, courses are modified time and again corresponding to the changes taking place in society at large so as to keep pace with the needs of the changing situations in the wake of fast-changing industrial society.
The present industrial society has opened up a multiplicity of occupations and professions and each one of them is associated with scientific knowledge and skills. It is a society of complex division of labour and requires people with specialized knowledge.
The modern education fulfills needs of the industrial economy. A vast range of subjects like medicine, health, engineering, management and law have become hot areas of professionalization and specialization today.
Essay on “Education For All”
The World Bank has envisaged a programme to aid the ‘Education for All‘ movement in India.
Large sums of money are being made available and offices, better equipped and much better furnished have been established in almost all the states. U. R has received its due share and so must have other States too. But it is not money alone that makes the mare go. How if the mare, at the start of the race, gallops fast but then stumbles and falls and is lamed and there remains no will in it to go any further?
There has ever been so much of talking about universalization of education at least at the primary level. Great thoughts have been quoted; great schemes have been formulated; a number of commissions have been commissioned to make their recommendations regarding education; a lot of experimentation has continued to be conducted particularly in the field of education during these sixty years of the country’s independence, but the results achieved are far from satisfactory.
Ever since 1951, India has been making an all-out effort to universalize primary education. In this direction and to fulfill this ambitious plan, steps have planned — Educational facilities within easy walking distance of the child, encouraging parents towards a compulsory enrolment of children in the schools, taking due note of the drop-outs among children and to avoid such a situation in the best possible way and improving the quality of education at the primary level and making it more attractive in order to allure the child to come to the school.
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The greatest problem on all fronts has always been felt in the rural area and particularly in the matter of the girl child there. The number of primary schools was estimated to have been in 1950-51, 209671, to when it was estimated to have been increased in 1984-85 to 6, 03,741.
This records an increase of about 150 per cent. The effort of making the school facilities available within a walking distance has also borne fruit and nearly 90 per cent of children are to walk from 1 km to at the most 3 kms.
The enrollment in the primary classes — I to V also increased to 77,039 million in 1982-83 from 19.153 million in 1950-51 while the latest figures have shown a still greater increase.
But the whole scheme seems to flounder at the level of the Union Territories and at the level of the Scheduled castes and the Scheduled tribes. The position particularly in the matter of girls among the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes is still worse.
Children of such groups do not get enrolled inspire of all efforts and all incentives. The girl child is considered necessarily as a handmaid to the mother in the household chores and in looking after the younger siblings. In some parts of the country, the girl is not sent to a co-educational school due to social inhibitions. On this accounts girls even if they join in the earlier age group drop out as soon as they grow a little older.
Under the World Bank ‘Education for All’ project even educational kits have been distributed free of costs; education, otherwise, is of course free but the results still are not that encouraging.
The problem of dropouts is a very major problem. The child as he grows above the age of 8 years or 10 years is treated in the rural families as one to be an earning supplement, hence education for him and for the family seems to be an undue luxury. The state of dropouts thus goes up to 60%.
In order to meet this situation part-time short duration classes, especially for girls have been evolved as an alternative to the formal system of education. The major thrust of this non-formal education programme has been undertaken in the States like Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Every type of effort has been made, from inducing and attracting children to schools through entertaining shows, to rewarding staff at the Panchayat level for showing encouraging results in the enrollment of children and for carrying out non-formal education programmes.
Even free textbooks and stationery, free dresses to girls, midday meals and such other allurements have been given in order to successfully implement this education for all programmes.
But there are, among other problems, two major problems hindering this programme. The one is nonavailability of women teachers in the far-flung interior areas of the country.
Women teachers would attract girls more to schools and also give a sense of security and confidence to the parents. The second major drawback is the lack of commitment on the part of teachers. The male teachers try their level best to get themselves attached or posted to a school in the closest vicinity of their home villages.
Having got this done, they remain on roll of the school while they are attending more to their own farming or home. Absence from the school is difficult to be checked due to the lack of the supervisory staff and due to the inaccessibility of certain areas and regions.
Where the teacher lacks the sense of commitment he or she can hardly inspire students to feel that sense. Their absence from the schools gives leisure and license to children to indulge in playfulness or run back to their homes.
It is only one State — Kerala — which has shown the best results as far as the universalization of elementary education is concerned. It is a small State as far as the size is concerned and the general population has awareness towards education. That is the reason that the State has successfully implemented the programme of education for all.
Otherwise, inspire of all efforts and all good ‘intentions, the programme of education for all has not caught up in the country and this still, after sixty years of “dependence remains a distant dream.
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Importance of Education in the Modern World
Education is an important tool that is applied in the contemporary world to succeed, as it mitigates the challenges which are faced in life. The knowledge gained through education enables individuals’ potential to be optimally utilized owing to training of the human mind. This opens doors of opportunities enables individual to achieve better prospects in career growth. Education has played a paramount role in the modern industrial world. This is attributed to the fact prospective employees must be qualified adequately to perform various tasks effectively. Industries entail resources that are sufficiently equipped with the modern technology to suit the needs and wants of the society. This thus, makes education to become a norm for services in all industrial sectors. The primary skills and the ability to apply the skills is the basis for evaluating the market.
The foundation of the society is based on education since it brings economic and social prosperity. Gaining education enhances an individual to live a respectful life in the society. This is because education offers a setting in which culture and values of a society are developed. In this respect, education in modern society provides a forum where the society examines its issues and identifies solutions. The advancement of a society both economically and socially is by gaining education which consequently enables them to run a modern society.
Career wise, education is the foundation of developing individuals by providing knowledge regarding humanity the worldover. Individuals in the society acquire new approaches in life that build opinions on the economical and social life. Education enables the society to interpret the world around them rightly, innovating to new ways and means that conform to their environment.
The current advancement in technology has been enhanced largely by education, as individuals are able to apply the skills acquired in real life leading to innovations. Employment in the contemporary world is based on education, as employees must possess the required skills that correspond with the current technology to perform their tasks. Prospective employees must be equipped with skill for them to cope with ever advancing technology in all industrial and agricultural sectors. Therefore, education has become a basic principle to measure the labor market on the basis of essential skills and the ability to appropriate them through suitable communication.
Education has played a major role in the modern life to all individuals in the society. It has enabled societies to prosper both socially and economically by enabling them to develop common culture and values. It is through education that Technological advancement has been realized enabling communication and production of cost effective products and services to the society at large.
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