Essay on noise pollution during festivals

Essay on noise pollution during festivals

Impact of festivals on environment Essay

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India is a land where the life of its people is beautified with festivals. Festival is acelebration of the changing seasons, harvest, reconciliation and the birth anniversaries of saints, gurus and prophets and honours the gods and goddesses.

History of festivals

Epigraphical evidences prove that festivals have been celebrated in India since Vedictimes. The Aryans conquered India around 1500 B. C. and cultural integration with thelocal population took place.

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1. Religious Festivals

A large number of festivals being celebrated in India have a religious outlook. Thesefestivals are being celebrated in commemoration of some saints, gurus and prophets, thegods and goddesses or events celebrating their victories.

2. Temple Festivals

No festival in India is complete without a feast, and the Hindu temple provides feastsduring the temple festivals. The attendees spend all day at the temple, enjoyingthemselves

3. Fairs or Melas

Melas or Fairs are extremely popular not just in India but all over the world. Mela servesa very important role as most of the festivals are celebrated in individual homes. Melasthat are normally celebrated for a week to over a month help to bring the communitytogether and share greetings.

4. National Festivals

Independence Day, August 15, commemorates the day in 1947 when India achievedfreedom from British rule. The day is celebrated to commemorate the birth of the world`s biggest democracy as a national festival.

5. Regional Festivals

India presents a cultural potpourri of number of religions with their festivals andcelebrations but the four major religions followed in India are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism in the descending order. There are a number of regionalfestivals that are celebrated in particular areas only

6. New Year Festivals

Baisakhi or Vaisakhi is the first day of the month of Vaisakha, the beginning of theHindu year in some parts of the country. For the Sikhs in Punjab and other parts of thecountry, this day has a particular significance, as it was on this day in 1699 that GuruGobind Singh founded the Khalsa.

Here are few festivals with their impact on environment

Rebirth of Lord Ganesh.
Lokmanya Tilak – The Founder Of Ganesh Festival
Serves as a meeting ground for people.

Contamination Of Water bodies.
Noise pollution – An unfortunate outcome of this joyous festival. Soil pollution due to dumping of ‘Nirmalya’.

To celebrate return of Ram & Sita.
Signifies the end of darkness.
Air Pollution through Firecrackers
Excessive Consumerism.
High Energy Consumption.

The symbol of victory overevilness.
To celebrate the arrival of Spring.
Reflection of the various colorsof spring season.
The use of toxic chemical colours.
The use of wood for burning Holi fires.
The wasteful use of water during Holi.
Celebrates the victory of Lord Krishna over the mythical Kaliya. Worship of
To express Gratitude towards snakes.
Hunting of snakes.
Torture to snakes.
Unnecessary feeding of milk.

Impact of Festivals on Environment

Festivals are becoming significant contributors to air pollution in India. We have so manyfestivals and increasing commercialization – a growing economy is turning everycelebration into grand occasions to splurge. Are we aware of what this is doing to our environment? Here’s a look at how all those festivities affect the air quality. Air pollution levels in big cities are appalling at the best of times and are a growingcause for concern. The Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) – dust, fumes, smoke, and gases – is way above permissible limits in many of our big cities. This levelsees a quantum jump during festivals, the main culprits being crackers, inflammablesubstances, and artificial colors.

Pollution due to festivals

Air Pollution due to smoke of crackers.

Water Pollution due to immerging statues of God and Goddess made of artificialor synthetic harmful chemicals into rivers, ponds and dams. Noise Pollution due to loudness of music system.

The practice of immersion of Ganesh idols after the Ganesh festival invarious cities is causing severe water pollution which leads to the death of tonnes of fishand many aquatic creatures. Gone are the days when the idols are made with clay, nowadays idols are made with Plaster Of Paris and chemical dyes. The repeated cautions and warnings of ecologists and environmental scientists towardsthe possible hazards inflicted by the Plaster Of Paris are falling into the deaf ears of theidol makers and buyers. According to scientists, Plaster Of Paris does not get dissolved or disintegrated fast. Moreover, the chemical dyes and colours being used to colour the idolscontain poisonous elements. Particularly, Red, Blue, Orange and Green colours containMercury, Zinc oxide, Chromium and Lead, the potential causes of developing cancer. According to one estimate, 7500 idols of Ganesh are weighing about 20,000 kg or inother words, 20 tons.

The sea-shore of Mumbai absorbs the immersion of about 1.5 lakhidols every year. The very calculation of the accumulation of clay, Plaster Of Paris, dangerous Chemicals from the paints and colours will shatter the thinking faculty of any brain. The immersion of Durga Statutes during the Durga pooja is also a cause of concern for environmentalists. In Orissa alone 5,000 Durga pooja idols are made, most of them using harmful paints. Heavy metals like lead and chrome are not easily assimilated in an aquatic environmentand can lead to the massive hurt of flora and fauna of the river, pond, lake and coastalareas. As the same river, pond and lake water is used for bathing and drinking purposehigh levels of lead can damage the heart, kidneys, liver, circulatory system and centralnervous system, the environmentalist warned.

Impact of air pollution on health

Air pollution can lead to lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratorydiseases, and allergies in adults. It can also cause acute respiratory infections in children. Suspended particulate matter can cause asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory diseaseSulfur dioxide can damage lungs and lead to lung disorders like wheezing and shortnessof breath. Oxides of Nitrogen can cause skin problems, eye irritation, and cause respiratory problems in children. Chemicals used in crackers like lead, magnesium, cadmium, nitrate, sodium, and otherscan have various harmful effects.

Loudspeakers, fire crackers and loud musical instruments, appear to be one of the biggest culprits of noise pollution during festivals in our country. With the advent of urbanisation, people in the metros had to grapple with the problem of noise pollution in everyday living, and any kind of public celebration only aggravates this lurking issue. A study by World Health Organisation (WHO) asserts that noise pollution is not only a nuisance to the environment but it also poses considerable threat to public health. In residential neighbourhoods, the Supreme Court limits the noise levels to 55 decibels in the day and 45 decibels at night.

The local authorities are here to maintain decorum during festivals but we as citizens should also be responsible enough to keep noise within permissible limits. Time and again people have violated these levels during Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja, Navratri, Dussehra, Diwali and the list goes on. Despite being worldly-wise, we ignore the health impacts of incessant exposure to such high-decibel sounds. Besides affecting toddlers and children, they bring health issues in adults like hypertension, sleep disturbance, tinnitus and acute hearing loss.

Ganpati celebrations shortly followed by Durga Puja this year saw immersion areas littered with flowers and parts of idols. The mess created by bursting of crackers cannot be ignored as well. The materials such as plaster of Paris used in making idols add to the water pollution. Paints used for decorating the idols, loaded with high levels of mercury and lead, increases the toxin levels of water bodies after immersion days. These toxins eventually enter the food chain after affecting the marine ecosystem and its biodiversity. The highly contaminated Ganga is now saturated with litres of paint, bulks of plaster of Paris, toxic synthetic materials and non-biodegradable wastes like plastic flowers, plunged into the holy river.

Every year, in the aftermath of Ganpati celebrations, newspapers publish images of Girgaum Chowpatty and other immersion areas littered with huge parts of idols. The main culprit is, of course, the plaster of Paris (PoP) that is used to make majority of the idols. PoP takes several months to completely dissolve. Also, the paints used for colouring and decorating the idols contain high levels of mercury and lead, which adds to the pollution. The Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) has found significantly higher levels of toxins in water bodies after immersion days. These pose a great danger to the marine ecosystem and its biodiversity. These toxins also eventually enter the food chain.

Apart from releasing toxic gases, bursting of crackers also leads to pollution of air. Diwali, every year leads to an alarming rise in the level of Respirable Suspended Particulate Material (RSPM) in the air, due to bursting of fire crackers. RSPM are minute particles and can contribute to various health issues including asthma and bronchitis. On the Ganpati immersion days in 2012, the MPCB found an alarming rise in the level of respirable suspended particulate material (RSPM) across Mumbai and in other cities in the state. RSPM are suspended particles in the air due to bursting of fire crackers and large number of heavy vehicles plying on the roads taking idols for immersion. Since RSPM are small enough to be breathed in, they can contribute to various health issues such as asthma, bronchitis and reduced lung function. These are chronic ailments and persist long after the direct source of pollution is removed.

Festivals also generate a humongous amount of dry waste. With firecrackers being the main ingredient to Diwali celebrations, the problem of dry waste increases by leaps and bounds due to lack of dumping space and other neglected constraints. Diwali being round the corner, local government bodies should take a meticulous approach towards guidance notes for municipal solid waste disposal. Garbage that can easily be recycled or reused also ends up in mounting landfills. And heaps of garbage including fruits, flowers, incenses and camphor coming out of puja pandals cannot be ignored either. Relentless social activism is essential to educate people to switch to eco-friendly methods of celebration. In several parts of the country, craftsmen have started using eco-friendly materials and organic paints to make idols. For instance, the idol makers in Kumartuli, the nerve centre of idol makers in Kolkata, took steps this year to check toxic waste levels by using paints devoid of lead, mercury and chromium to embellish the idols.

Clay idols instead of the PoP ones are also getting their share of popularity. Spreading the message of civic sense this Diwali might help to curb or at least limit the pollution levels. We must get our social act together before blaming it on local administrators and civic amenities. Today one can easily find sustainable ways of adding to the glory of the festivals and we as ‘law abiding citizens’ should also take initiatives to cooperate with the government. If you have better ways of protecting the environment and saving our Mother Earth, you are most welcome to go ahead and spread the message. There are several ways to do so and Google will definitely come to your rescue.

My Opinion about festivals of India

Our country India is a very big country and every day of a year is a festival and it can becelebrated here with great joy and happiness. “India a country Where Everyday Is A Celebration.”

Every festival takes an important part in the life of different peoples from differentcommunities of India. There are many festivals can be celebrated on different religiousoccasions. Indian Festivals are celebrated across the world because the Indian people areeverywhere in the world. some of them are doing jobs abroad or some of them are good big businessmen But no one can left Indian culture and festival celebrating. festivals colours our life in anew way. Every festival In India have different colors, prayers, sweets and old uniquerituals Many types of festivals are celebrated here in India like national, regional, local, religiousor seasonal festivals. In every months many festival comes and fill colors in our lives

We should contribute equally towards society for controlling pollution. Lets make festivals more joyful & meaningful in eco — friendly manner. Use of natural clay idols.
Immersion of idols in a bucket or artificial tank of water. Deposit all the floral offerings into Nirmalaya pots.
Celebrate the Ganesh Procession in traditional way.
Lighting lamps the green way.
“Say No to Fire crackers and Yes to life!“
Light Diyas instead of electrical light.
Usage of eco-friendly colors.
Celebrating bonfire in unity.
A Dry Holi.
Use of frames & idols
Careful handling of snakes.
Avoidance of use of milk.

Essay on Noise Pollution: Meaning, Causes, Effects and Prevention

Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles On June 23, 2015 By Rohit Sehgal

What is Noise Pollution? – Meaning

Noise pollution (also sound pollution, sound disturbance, environmental noise) refers to the excessive and troublesome sound that is injurious, detrimental or hazardous to health. It affects both human-beings and animals.

Noise pollution is the presence of such high levels of noise or sound in the environment that are disturbing, irritating and annoying to living beings.

Noise Pollution refers to the:

  • Unpleasant noise that disturbs the peace and calmness of the mind,
  • Troublesome noise that causes inconvenience, and make you uneasy or tiresome,
  • Undesired noise that causes discomfort, emotional strain, stress and anxiety,
  • Intolerable noise that is harmful, hurtful and often hazardous to health,
  • Elevated levels of sound that disrupts or affects the ability of human-beings or animals to perform their daily activities.

So, noise pollution is noise that causes or is likely to cause discomfort and harm to living being’s mental and physical health. Such noise is considered harmful either physically or psychologically. It severely affects the auditory system and is one of the major causes for deafness and other health hazards.

WHO has recommended a noise level of below 50dB in residential areas. However, research suggests that the average noise level in urban residential areas is much higher than the WHO recommended level of environmental noise. (source: Wikipedia)

Outdoor Noise pollution is the common and widely discussed form of noise pollution that comes from industrial, transportation, and other mechanical activities. However, the less discussed, but not less hazardous form of noise is the indoor noise to which many human beings are constantly exposed within the campus of their work and home environment.

Causes of Noise pollution

Noise pollution can be caused by several phenomenon including industrial activity, and social activity (such as explosion of fire crackers, loud parties), and surface travel. The many causes of noise pollution are discussed below:

1. Fire crackers: Fire crackers are exploded to make huge sound during celebrations and festive occasions. It is common sight to witness the firing of crackers at live concerts. These high levels of sound is extremely problematic for people, especially elderly and sick people.

2. Transportation vehicles: Noise pollution is severest in the cities. All forms of machine powered vehicles cause noise pollution. The different modes of transportation (land, air and water), produces enough sound and collectively causes massive disturbance to the human mind and body. During the last few decades, the world is moving at unprecedented speed. People use surface transportation vehicles such as cars, vans, buses, trams, bullet trains. There are metro rails in major cities. Long distances are very often covered in an airplane or a bullet train. Airports and railway stations are busy throughout day and night. Far away places can be reached in hours. People take the water route to travel via motor shops, boats, yacht, and helicopters. Many people even own private air-crafts. The ever-increasing usage of various modes of transport is the major cause for noise pollution.

3. Microphones and Loud Speakers: Loud speakers and microphones are used during social, political and other special events. Large public gatherings are held. To make sure that the announcements and speeches are audible a large audience, microphones and loud speakers ate used. Though these public gatherings are generally held for welfare and entertainment of the public, the nearby residents suffer from loud noise.

4. Factories and industries: In large cities, there are large number of factories, mills and industries. Industries such as steel industry, shipping industry, aircraft, wires, switch gears and automobiles cause industrial noise. These industrial sites produce immense environmental noise to disturb the habitats of nearby residential areas. Large scale industries are often sites as a major cause of NIHL – Noise Induced Hearing Loss (read more about NIHL in Wikipedia). The workers and employees working in factories suffer from occupational noise (read more about occupational noise in Wikipedia). They are constantly exposed to noise of the working machinery. Their auditory system is at risk. Long-term exposure to industrial noise may lead to hearing disability.

5. Domestic household appliances: A majority of domestic household appliances that we use in everyday life causes noise pollution. Home theaters and televisions are played non-stop. The air cooler is supported by a large and powerful fan. The mixer grinders are used in grinding food materials. The juicer extracts juices from the fruits. The air purifier is used to purify the air. Washing machines are used for washing clothes. Loud music are played on advanced music systems. The smart phone keeps ringing.

6. Building and construction sites near residential areas: The building and construction activity involves use of sound producing equipment such as cement-mixer, road-roller, crane, etc. Cement mixers uses a revolving drum to mix cement, sand, small stones and water to create concrete. The sound of cement mixers are annoying.

7. Office Equipment: In offices, a wide variety of equipment is used. Many of the office equipment make noise. Paper shredders are used to cut papers. Printers are widely used for printing texts and pictures. A manual type writer, is used for typing. Fax machines are used to send or receive scanned texts or images through telecommunication lines. Phones keep ringing. And people keep talking to business partners, and clients over phone. When doors are opened and shut hard, it makes noise.

All the above activities produce enough noise to disturb the health and mind of human-beings and other living bodies.

Also read:

Effects of Noise Pollution

Effect on Human beings: Noise pollution affects the human mind and body negatively. The ill-effects of noise pollution are many. It is the major cause for several ailments. The quality of human life gets disrupted. The lives of the children, the aged or the ailing people become miserable.

  1. Loss of hearing and deafness: Noise above the tolerable threshold is the leading cause for loss of hearing and deafness.
  2. Cardiac disturbance: Noise increase the risk of cardiac disturbance including coronary artery disease or ischemic heart disease (IHD).
  3. Sleeplessness: Noise may make people restless and tired. It may cause disrupted sleeping pattern or may keep people away from sound sleep. In the long-term, due to tiredness and lack of sleep, the immune system may get compromised.
  4. Headache: Human mind can tolerate sound only to a limited extent. Excess noise causes headache.
  5. Stress, tension and aggressiveness: Loud noises can be very stressful. Constant exposure to irritating sound may cause stress and tension. The behavior of people often becomes aggressive. Other than psychological imbalance, is causes physical illness such as increased blood pressure, cardiac disturbance and insomnia.
  6. Irregular blood pressure: For good health, it is very important to maintain normal pressure in the arteries both during the heartbeat and between the heartbeat. Noise may contribute to fluctuations in the levels of blood pressure.
  7. Mental imbalance and nervous debility: Mental illness is among the worst negative effects of noise pollution. People may find it difficult to cope with their normal routine life. Human mind cannot accept sound beyond a certain level. Excess sound may lead to mental imbalance and nervous disability.
  8. Psychological imbalance: It may also cause psychological imbalance.
  9. Difficulty in talking: Due to excessive noise, it becomes very difficult to talk on roads or inside malls.

Effect on Animals: Noise pollution is hazardous for animals, both wild and domestic. It impairs hearing. Sometimes, it changes the reproductive behavior of the animals. Noise disrupts the communication among animals. Some animals cannot live in noisy atmosphere resulting in loss of habitat. In the presence of noise, some animals raise the level of their voice. For example, many marine animals raises their voice when large ships passes near them. The increased voice further adds to the noise already present. Marine animals are sensitive to noise.

Prevention of Noise Pollution

Some effective measures should be taken to solve the problem. The following measures can be taken to prevent noise pollution:

  • Better town planning and ensuring that residential towns are set up at places away from heavy industrial units can help in combating the problem of noise pollution.
  • Significant control over noise pollution caused by transportation vehicles can be controlled by making Smooth roads, and by disallowing heavy carriage vehicles on roads near residential units.
  • To prevent and control noise pollution it is necessary to Create public awareness. Only law is not sufficient. People must be made aware of the harmful consequences and irreversible injuries caused of noise pollution such as deafness, mental illness, etc.
  • There should be minimum use of sound producing instruments. There should be Proper regulations for the use of loudspeakers, microphones, and other devices that produce noise beyond that are beyond the toleration limits of human-beings.
  • The Pollution Control Board and the High Court have already taken effective measures to bring sound pollution under control. Adequate measures should be taken to ensure that Noise related restrictions are not violated.
  • Anti-pollution laws should be enacted and enforced.
  • Ban on fire crackers should be imposed and Electric horns should be replaced by bulb horns. Further, use of horns in residential areas should be monitored and regulated.
  • Usage of quieter machinery should be encouraged.


Noise pollution is real. It is not just a mild annoyance. It can negatively affect the lives of both humans and animals. It poses severs threats such as environmental hazards, health problems, habitat loss, etc. It also changes in the ways in which people cohere. As such, we should all make sure that we do not contribute to noise pollution.

Pollution due to Festivals Essay

In India we celebrate numerous festivals and there are so many rituals and traditions associated with them. There are so many aspects of festivals that we love to enjoy like the food, the dresses and most importantly the festivities that come with it. While we celebrate these festivals we also add a lot of pollutants in the environment.

We burst crackers, immerse idols in water, play with water and colors etc, some of these practices harm our environment and pollute the surroundings.

Long and Short Essay on Pollution due to Festivals in English

In these essays we have tried to cover all the aspects of pollution due to festivals in varying word lengths to help you with the same in your exam. You can select any Pollution due to Festivals essay as per your need.

Essay on Festivals and Pollution – Essay 1 (200 words)

Don’t we just love the time of festivals when there is so much light and happiness everywhere! India is a land of diversity and the number of festivals that are celebrated in India is unmatched with any other country. But we always forget that during festivals we waste a lot of things and pollute our environment a lot. It is not a big task to understand that our festivals pollute our environment.

We cause air, water and noise pollution during celebrations and not to forget they have a huge impact on our health. Not to forget that animals and birds also suffer. Diwali which is the biggest Hindu festival brings with it a lot of air pollution. The bursting of crackers not only causes air pollution but noise pollution also. The air is chokes and the visibility is highly reduced during Diwali.

During Holi, another Hindu festival that is played with color and water, see a lot of water wastage. Not only that the chemical colors also harm the environment. During Durga Puja & Ganesh Chaturthi thousands of idols of god are immersed in water that pollutes our rivers. The constitution does give us the right to freely practice our religion but as the citizens of the country we must also make it our duty to protect the nature and celebrate in moderation.

Essay on Water Pollution Due To Festivals – Essay 2 (300 words)


Water is an essential part of our lives. Since the beginning of civilization we have seen that all human settlements are near water bodies because it is difficult to survive without water. But at the moment water pollution is one of the major environmental issues that we are facing. Humans have polluted every major water body and the marine life is also widely affected. In India we celebrate a number of festivals where a lot of water is either wasted or polluted. The huge amount of toxins being immersed in water is one of the major concerns.

Water Pollution due to Festivals

A majority of Indian festivals include the use of water in one or the other way. This leads to pollution of water in almost every part of the country.

  1. Statues Immersion: There are festivals where decorated statues are taken out in the procession and immersed in water. The amount of toxins that this practice adds in our water bodies is very high. After these statues are immersed the water is contaminated and becomes unfit for usage. This water can contaminate crops if used for irrigation because of the mixing of chemicals in it.
  2. Holi: This festival includes playing with water and color but often the colors that are used are chemical and they cause serious health hazards. Not to forget the sheer wastage of water is also a major concern.
  3. Holy Bath: during some festivals it is considered holy to bathe in rivers and seas. But when a large number of people do this together it adds lot of unwanted substances in the water thereby polluting it.

Conclusion: It is a sad reality that none of our water bodies are clean and pure anymore. The marine life is dying day by day. It is not that we shouldn’t celebrate our festivals but if we do that sensibly we might be able to save our environment also.

Essay on Impact of Festivals on Environment – Essay 3 (400 words)


India is a land of diversity and we take pride in it. Many festivals are celebrated in our country all the year round. We enjoy the festivities with Great Spirit and fervor. The advantage of living in India is that you get to enjoy traditions and festivals of different religions. There are festivals celebrating religion, gods, harvest, change in season, saints, gurus etc. So many different flavors in one land but one thing is common in most of them is that they harm the environment substantially.

Impact of Festivals on Environment

Our environment has given us many precious gifts but in return we have not given it anything rather we have robbed it, abused it and harmed it brutally. We celebrate our festivals with great vigor but we also pollute the environment majorly. There are all kinds of pollutions that happen during festivals like air, water and noise. Basically we pollute all aspects of environment during festivals.

  1. The most harmful effects of festivals on air can be seen around the festival of Diwali. Due to burning of crackers the air gets highly polluted it becomes choking. Not to forget that the amount of trash that keeps on lying around the nest day on roads. There are some other festivals also like jayanti’s etc. where fireworks are seen. They also add to the pollution.
  2. Water is also gets highly polluted during many festivals. During holi the amount of water that is wasted is also alarming. It also poses threat of harmful chemical colors that can pollute tank water. The main factor of water pollution is the festivals where idols are immersed in water that are made of toxic materials. They not only pollute the water bodies but also kill many fishes and aquatic animals.
  3. Garbage disposal is also a big issue during festivals. When crowd gathers for precessions and cultural get together a lot of garbage is disposed on the roads etc. During many festivals ‘Mela’ and fairs are organized which leads to a lot of garbage disposed openly.
  4. Noise pollution is also one of the biggest environmental threats. Loudspeakers, Music on high volume and crowd noises during festivals can do some serious harm to us and the environment.

Conclusion: We can surely say that some of our biggest festivals pollute our environment. We ignore our natural surroundings in the vigor of celebrating festivals. It is true that without our culture and festivals our lives will be quite boring and unexciting but it is equally important to adopt some methods curb pollution during festivals. Our government should make rules where festivals can also be celebrated and environment is also saved.

Essay on Pollution Caused by Festival – Essay 4 (500 words)


We live in one of the most exciting countries of the world and the reason for that is we have diverse culture in India. So many religions are practiced in India and all of them have their unique flavor. The most important thing about all these religions is that we get to celebrate so many festivals. Each festival has its own uniqueness and ways of celebration.

Although festivals are an integral part of our culture and they bring happiness and joy in our lives but sadly they do a lot of harm to our environment also. Every festival is celebrated in a special way and has some or the other ways joined to it. It is these ways of celebration that cause such great harm to our natural resources. Every year the amount of pollutants added in the environment keep on increasing. There are all aspects of nature that are being affected by festivals.

Pollution Caused by Festivals

  • Air Pollution: The Hindu festival of Diwali is the main cause of air pollution in the country as the Diwali days sees lots and lots of fireworks all around the country. People burn crackers and sky shots all night long and this causes lots of air pollution. The next day is always choked and filled with smog. Fireworks are also seen during many other festivals that they are also the reason of air pollution levels increasing in the country. The air quality of the metropolitan cities is terrible now. Another reason for air pollution during festivals is the amount of cars on the road. During festivals it is customary to visit relatives and friends. In order to do that many people travel by their cars and automobiles. This causes lot air pollution by traffic.
  • Water Pollution: The main cause of water pollution during festivals is the statue immersion and throwing various substances in water bodies to offer prayers. The statues that immersed in water as an offering to god pollute the water and also kill the aquatic life. Other reasons of water pollution are people taking holy dips in rivers on festivals. When millions bathe on the rivers together they become dirty.
  • Noise Pollution: The loud noises can harm the hearing ability and can also cause serious physiological issues. The use of loudspeakers during festivals is one such reason. The frequencies at which the music or speeches are played out is dangerous. There are various processions taken out during festival time that also cause a lot of noise pollution.

Conclusion: Festival is the time to rejoice and be happy. Festivals unite us and bring sovereignty in the people but it is also true that festivals also cause a lot of harm and pollution to the environment. As a citizen of the country it is our duty to also protect our natural resources as they are our wealth. We must find ways in which festivals also celebrated and environment is also conserved.

Essay on Bad Effects of Various Festivals on the Environment – Essay 5 (600 words)


In India every festival holds a special importance in our lives. We may belong to any religion but we take pride in the fact that we celebrate all the festivals together. But it is also a sad reality that our festivals cause a lot of pollution of air, water and noise.

Festivals are the time when everyone is happy and relaxed and the traditions are passed on from one generation to another. This is what keeps the culture alive. These festivals cause harm us on many levels, the quality of air is compromised, the water bodies are contaminated, the marine life gets affected, the loud noises cause stress and the city gets filled with garbage and left overs. The modernization has commercialized the festivals also and the consumerism has taken over the true spirit. So let’s see what kind of pollution does festivals cause:

Bad Effects of Various Festivals on the Environment

  1. Diwali: Every year the figures released by the government regarding the pollution caused after the cracker bursting is alarming. The next day the air is choked and the city suffers. The amount of contaminators added in the air on Diwali every year is so high that government has to ban the bursting of crackers every year.
  2. Holi: One of the biggest Hindu festivals that is celebrated by playing colors and water with everyone. Now that every festival has been commercialized holi is now nothing more than wastage of water, noise pollution and chemical and toxin attack. The natural colors are now replaced with chemical based ones that also cause soil pollution.
  3. Ganesh Festival: Every year devotees immerse the Ganesh idol in rivers and seas as a way to celebrating to god. The statues of lord Ganesh are made of various toxic materials and industrial colors. When they are immersed in water they contaminate the water bodies and also kill the marine life.
  4. Durga Puja: Just like the Ganesh festival during Durga puja the idol of goddess Durga is immersed in water. This is a serious threat to our aquatic ecosystem. There are bright synthetic colors applied on these idols to make them look attractive. These colors make a coating on the water surface and prevent the oxygen to enter in it.
  5. Chatt Puja: Another big festival of north India where water bodies get polluted. Devotees gather in large numbers to offer prayers and this leave the river banks in bad state. The amount of garbage disposed pollutes the river.
  6. Jayanti/Birthdays of Religious Leaders: There are number of religions in India and every religion has a leader or the founder. On their birthdays ‘satsang’ or prayer meetings are organized. The use of loud speakers causes noise pollution.
  7. Dusshera: During the festival of dusshera ‘melas’ or fairs are organized all around the country that cause noise pollution and garbage disposed on the roads. On the last day of this festival the giant effigies are burned and this causes major air pollution.

Conclusion: It is true that our festivals are a reason for our great joy and happiness but they also pollute the environment. We cannot stop celebrating the festivals but some simple measures that can help to bring down the levels of pollution can surely be adopted. There has to be joined effort from both government and citizens to save the mother-nature. Rather than polluting the nature our festivals should be the reason for the beautification of the environment.