Essay on rani lakshmi bai of jhansi

Rani Lakshmibai: Essay on Rani Lakshmibai

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The great heroine of the Indian History, Maharani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi was like Joan of Arc of France. They both have so many great qualities in common. The most important of these is that they both struggled and fought hard for liberating their respective countries from slavery and foreign rule.

Joan of Arc was later beatified in 1909 and then canonised and declared a saint in 1920. Lakshmi Bai and the Maid of Orleans, both made supreme sacrifices for their respective countries and set a glorious example of patriotism and national pride.

They both have been a source of much inspiration for national honour and sacrifice for it all these years. Their martyrdom has been unique and exemplary and a subject of much admiration and emulation. Lakshmi Bai was born on November 1, 1835 at Kashi (Varanasi). Her father Moropant Tambe was a highly respected Maharashtra Brahman. She was called Manoo Bai in her childhood.

When she was about 3-4 years old her mother died. Therefore, she was brought up by her father alone who taught her horse-riding, and martial arts besides the three R’s. After her mother’s death, they had come to Bithoor and were living with Baji Rao.

She was not only intelligent and brave but also very beautiful. She was the childhood companion of Nana Sahib. Once Nana fell down from his horse and was about to be crushed under the horse’s feet when she showed exemplary courage and presence of mind. She jumped down from her own horse and saved Nana Sahib by pulling him out of danger.

She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao, the king of Jhansi. He was senior to her by many years in age. Since her marriage she came to be known as Lakshmi Bai, meaning goddess of wealth. After her marriage she began to take keen interest in fine arts and military affairs of the State. Lakshmi Bai and Raja Gangadhar Rao had a son, but unfortunately he died early and there was no heir to succeed the throne.

Therefore, they adopted the Child Anand Raj who was the son of Vasudev Rai, the Raja’s brother in a family relation. The Raja fell ill and then died on November 20, 1853. But the then Governor General of India, Dalhousie did not recognize this adoption and so planned to annex Jhansi under his policy of lapse.

It was against the tradition and practice of the Hindu law which approved the practice of adoption and recognised adopted sons as legal and lawful heirs to the property and titles of the adoptive fathers. The refusal to recognize her adoption was totally unjustified and so it infuriated the brave Rani Lakshmi Bai. Finally, her State was annexed into the British State. This clever and dubious move of annexation also annoyed the people in general.

Lakshmi Bai made a couple of petitions against Dalhousie’s wrong decision but they were turned down. She also appealed to London, but again it proved an exercise in futility. By 1857 there broke out the first war of Indian Independence, also known as the Mutiny of 1857.

Dalhousie had also annexed some other States on the pretext of mis-governance. He regarded the so called mis-governance as a justification for annexing States under the doctrine of lapse. The revolt of 1857 began at Meerut on May 10. The actual date fixed for the revolt was May 31, 1857 but it began three weeks ahead because people were so impatient, restive and emotionally charged against the exploitations of the British.

It was actually the first war of Indian Independence and had popular support. Soon it spread to Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Punjab, Madhya Bharat and other parts of the country like a wild fire. Bahadur Shah Zafar was declared king and Nana Sahib his Peshwa. The revolt of Jhansi began on June 4, 1857 with the seizure of the company’s treasury and magazine.

Lakshmi Bai took no time in joining the revolt and struggle for independence. She took command of the revolutionary forces and captured the fort on June 7, 1857. She once again began to rule as Regent on behalf of her minor son.

She declared her independence and hoisted the flag of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. Therefore, a massive force under Sir Hugh Rose was sent to recapture Jhansi on March 20, 1958. Lakshmi Bai gave a good fight to the British army which was supported by Maharaja Scandia of Gwalior and Raja of Tikamgarh.

Lakshmi Bai personally supervised all the war preparations. She also sought the help of Tantya Tope, who attacked the English troops from the rear. The terrible battle raced almost for a week and both the sides sustained heavy losses. Finally, the Sir Hugh Rose was successful in recapturing the fort, however, not by force but by treachery.

Lakshmi Bai escaped from the fort in time with some her loyal followers and fighters and reached Kalpi. There she joined other revolutionary leaders like Tantya Topa and Rao Sahib to give another big fight to the enemy. Soon she captured the fort of Gwalior from Jiyaji Rao Scindia. Scindia sought the British help and support at Agra. The British were too willing to extend the support and a huge force was sent to fight her under the generalship of Hugh Rose.

The revolutionaries fought bravely under the Rani for four days against very heavy odds. Lakshmi Bai herself fought bravely along with her two female attendants, Mandra and Kashi. She dressed as a male commander inflicted heavy losses on Hugh’s forces and finally she was victorious on June 17, 1958.

But soon there was huge reinforcement to the British troops as General Smith joined Hugh Rose and there ensued again a fierce battle. Rani Lakshimi Bai fought with exemplary courage and valour. She fought single-handedly till one English horseman struck her on the head from the rear and another wounded her breast. Fatally wounded and yet she did not lose courage and continued fighting bravely. She was able to kill both of her assistants before she collapsed and fell down from her horse on the ground.

Her dead body was immediately removed from the scene by her loyal attendant Ramchandra Rao and lit the funeral pyre. She died with a sword in her hand and the enemy could not touch her at all. They day when Maharani Lakshmi Bai died fighting for the freedom from the foreign rule was June 17, 1858 and then she was barely 23 years old.

There are only a few parallels to Maharani Lakshmi Bai in the world history. No sacrifice was too great for her in the defense of her motherland. Had there been few more heroes and heroines like her, India would have been free and independent long before 1947.

She was really the bravest of the brave who in later years became a great symbol of national pride and patriotism and inspired Indian patriots and freedom — fighters to lay down their life at the feet of Freedom and Liberty. There are many cities, markets, institutions etc. named after this brave soul called Maharani Lakshmi Bai. Many songs and poems have been written and status set up in her honour and memory.

Her name and life have been written in golden letters in the history of India. Ever since her great sacrifice and martyrdom, her example of bravery, courage and military skill have been a great source of inspiration and encouragement to Indian patriotism. Undoubtedly she was one of the great leaders of the First War of Indian Independence and the greatest heroines of Indian history.

Freedom Fighter Rani Lakshmi Bai: Essay about Bravery

Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai Bravery

Rani Lakshmi Bai, Birth

My idol is Rani Lakshmi Bai, The Queen of Jhansi. Originally named Manikarnika at birth (nicknamed Manu), she was born on 19 November 1835 at Kashi (Varanasi) to a Maharashtrian Marathi Karhade Brahmin family as the daughter of Moropant Tambe and Bhagirathibai Tambe. She was also known as Chhabili by the Peshwa of Bithur because of her jolly ways. She lost her mother at the age of four. She was educated at home. Her father Moropant Tambe worked at the court of Peshwa at Bithur. The Peshwa of Bithur brought her up like his own daughter. The younger daughter of Peshwa Bajirao, Prachi, was influenced by Laxmi Bai.

Because of her father’s influence at court, Rani Lakshmi Bai had more independence than most women, who were normally restricted to the zenana. She studied self-defense, horsemanship, archery, and even formed her own army out of her female friends at court. Shah Dawar was Rani Lakshmibai’s best friend. She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi in 1842, and became the queen of Jhansi. After their marriage, she was given the name Lakshmi Bai. Rani Lakshmi Bai gave birth to a son (Damodar Rao) in 1851. However, the child died when he was about four months old.

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After the death of their son, the Raja and Rani of Jhansi adopted Damodar Rao (who was later formally renamed Anand Rao). Anand Rao was the son of Gangadhar Rao’s cousin. However, it is said that the Raja of Jhansi never recovered from his son’s death, and he died on 21 November 1853. Because Anand Rao was adopted and not biologically related to the Raja, the East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, was able to install the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Rao’s claim to the throne. Dalhousie then annexed Jhansi, saying that the throne had become “lapsed” and thus put Jhansi under his “protection”.

In March 1854, the Rani was given a pension of 60,000 rupees and ordered to leave the palace at the Jhansi fort. When the Maharaja died, Rani Lakshmi Bai was just eighteen years old, but she didn’t lose her courage and took up her responsibility. Being a patriotic woman, Rani was not willing to give the dominion of Jhansi to Britishers and called for an armed force. She successfully assembled an army of rebellions including women and was supported by many freedom fighters like Gulam Gaus Khan, Dost Khan, Khuda Baksh, Sunder-Mundar, Kashi Bai, Lala Bhau Bakshi, Moti Bai, Deewan Raghunath Singh, Tatya Tope and Deewan Jawahar Singh.

Rani of Jhansi, Death

In March 1858, Britishers attack on Jhansi forced Rani Lakshmi Bai’s army to fight back for the defense of the city. The war continued for two weeks but unfortunately, Britishers were successful in extending their empire. Under the cover of darkness, Rani along with her son and the army of rebellions rode to Gwalior where again a battle was fought. The second day of the war in Gwalior, unfortunately, turned out to be the last day of Rani’s life. Bravely fighting for India’ freedom, she died on June 18, 1858. Although she died in early ages, her name is still alive on this world. She is really a bravery woman.

Short Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai

Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi was a great patriot. She was born at Bithur on June 15. 1834. She was named Manu Bai.

In her childhood she learnt the use of weapons. She had warlike qualities. She was a clever horse rider and a clever archer.

She was married to Raja Ganga Dhar Rao of Jhansi. After her marriage she was named Rani Lakshmi Bai. She could not enjoy the pleasures of married life. She became widow after two years of her marriage.

She had no issue. She wished to adopt a son. Lord Dalhausi, the Governor General of India, did not allow her to do so.

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He wanted to make Jhansi a part of British India. Lakshmi Bai stood against him. She opposed foreign rule.

She refused to obey the orders of Governor-Gen — eral. She adopted a son and declared herself independent. Nana Sahib, Tantia Tope and Kanwar Singh were waiting for a chance. They joined hands with Rani.

Naya Khan demanded seven lakhs of rupees from the Rani. She sold her ornaments to dispose him off. This traitor joined the British.

He again attacked Jhansi. The Rani rose against Naya Khan and the Brit­ish. She filled the heart of her soldiers with the spirit of heroism. She fought bravely and defeated her enemy.

Jhansi was again invaded in 1857. Rani was asked to surrender, but she refused to do so. The result was that the city was destroyed and captured by the British.

But Rani was still firm. At the news of Tantia Tope’s death she said,”So long as there is a drop of blood in my veins and a sword in my hand, no foreigner dare to spoil the sacred land of Jhansi.”

Soon after this Lakshmi Bai and Nana Sahib captured Gwalior. But one of her chiefs Dinkar Rao proved traitor. So they had to leave Gwalior.

Now Rani began to organise a new army. But she had not enough time to do so. Col. Smith attacked her with a large army.

She fought bravely and heroically. She got a very bad wound. So long as she lived, she kept the flag of independence flying.

The Indians lost the First War of Independence., but Rani of Jhansi sowed the seeds of Independence and heroism. India will never forget her name. She is immortal.