Indian culture essay in sanskrit

Instructions

Section-A: 125 Marks

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.
  2. Quick but steady wins the race.
  3. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader.
  4. Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil.

Section-B: 125 Marks

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. Technology cannot replace manpower.
  2. Crisis faced in India – moral or economic.
  3. Dreams which should not let India sleep.
  4. Can capitalism bring inclusive growth?

Previous Papers vs. 2015

  1. Crisis faced in India: Moral *OR* Economic?
  2. Can capitalism bring inclusive growth (*YES or NO*)?
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep. -2015
  • Perhaps based on the quote by late President Dr. APJ Kalam who died on 2015, July: “Dream is not that which you see while sleeping it is something that does not let you sleep.”

Essay-list: Topic wise last 23 years (1993-2015)

Economy, Development

  1. Crisis faced in India – moral or economic. -2015
  2. Can capitalism bring inclusive growth? -2015
  3. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014
  4. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014
  5. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013
  6. Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  7. Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  8. BPO boom in India. -2007
  9. Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  10. Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. -1993
  11. Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  12. Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  13. Special economic zone: boon or bane -2008
  14. Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  15. Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  16. Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009
  17. The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  18. Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997
  1. Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil-2015
  2. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  3. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  4. Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  5. Credit – based higher education system – status , opportunities and challenges -2011
  6. “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  7. Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  8. Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  9. Value-based science and education. -1999
  10. Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ? -2008
  11. Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. -2007
  12. Restructuring of Indian education system. -1995
  13. Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  14. What is real education? -2005

Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset

  1. Dreams which should not let India sleep. -2015
  2. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014
  3. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014
  4. Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? -2013
  5. In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  6. Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  7. Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  8. Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  9. Youth culture today. -1999
  10. Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  11. The composite culture of India. -1998
  12. The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  13. Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010
  14. From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  15. Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  16. New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  17. How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  18. ‘ globalization’ vs. ‘ nationalism’ -2009
  19. National identity and patriotism -2008
  20. Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  21. Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  22. True religion cannot be misused. -1997
  23. Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004

International issues

  1. India’s role in promoting ASEAN co-operation. -2004
  2. The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  3. As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  4. The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  5. My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  6. India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  7. The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  8. Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  9. The global order: political and economic -1993
  10. Importance of Indo-US nuclear agreement -2006
  11. Good fences make good neighbours -2009
  12. Terrorism and world peace -2005
  13. Restructuring of UNO reflect present realities -1996

Quote based, Philosophy, Ethics

  1. Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. -2015
  2. Quick but steady wins the race. -2015
  3. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. -2015
  4. With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  5. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014
  6. Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013
  7. Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin -2008
  8. Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man. -2007
  9. There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  10. Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  11. Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  12. Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  13. Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret -1994
  14. Useless life is an early death. -1994
  15. He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  16. Compassion is the basic of all morality would -1993
  17. If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  18. The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  19. The pursuit of excellence. -2001
  20. Truth is lived, not taught -1996

Polity, administration

  1. Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative , economic and developmental implication -2011
  2. Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people. -2007
  3. Justice must reach the poor -2005
  4. Water resources should be under the control of the central government. -2004
  5. The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  6. The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  7. Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  8. When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  9. How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  10. Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  11. Judicial activism. -1997
  12. The vip cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  13. Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  14. Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  15. Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  16. How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  17. What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  18. My vision of India in 2001 a. d. -1993
  19. In the Indian context , both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  20. Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  21. The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  22. Are we a ‘soft ’ state ? -2009
  23. Role of media in good governance -2008
  24. Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  25. What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  26. Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  27. Food security for sustainable national development -2005

Science-Technology

  1. Technology cannot replace manpower. -2015
  2. Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013
  3. Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012
  4. Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993
  5. The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  6. The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  7. Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  8. The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  9. The lure of space. -2004
  10. Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003

Women empowerment

  1. Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012
  2. Men have failed: let women take over. -1993
  3. Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  4. The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  5. If women ruled the world -2005
  6. Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  7. Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  8. Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  9. Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  10. Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  11. The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995

Essaylist: Yearwise Last 23 years (1993-2015)

  1. Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.
  2. Quick but steady wins the race.
  3. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader.
  4. Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil.

Section-B

  1. Technology cannot replace manpower.
  2. Crisis faced in India – moral or economic.
  3. Dreams which should not let India sleep.
  4. Can capitalism bring inclusive growth?
  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  2. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  3. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  4. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014

Section-B

  1. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  2. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
  3. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?
  4. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?

Essay on “Global Terrorism — The Fight Against Terrorism” Complete Essay for Class 10 and Class 12.

GLOBAL TERRORISMAMENACE TO HUMANITY

THE FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISM­­­—THE NEED OF THE HOUR

The world is today witnessing a rise of terrorist activities in different parts of the world. A number of groups, owing allegiance to some political ideology or some particular religious beliefs, have chosen the path of violence and terror to achieve their objects. These vested interests are rabid fundamentalists or fanatics having no sanctity for life. The know no principles or values. They believe in the power of the gun and want to achieve their objects overnight.

While some of these groups are fighting for control over some pieces of land, others are fighting for spreading their own ideology or religious philosophies. They choose to defy public opinion and refuse to see reason. They think that their own view point or stand is the only right view point or stand, and that they have a right to convert other people to their thinking by force. For this avowed purpose they do not hesitate from committing the worst of crimes including murder of innocent citizens, looting or burning property, kidnapping people, hijacking planes and creating terror in one way or the other.

Some of the important terrorist organizations operating in different parts of the world have already been identified. The Al0Aaeda in Afghanistan, the Jaishe Mohmmad and the Lashker-e-Toiba based in Pakistan, the Palestine Liberation Organisation in the Middle East, the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the Maoists in Nepal, the Naxalite organization called People’s War Group (PWA) in parts of India, the Naga National Council, several pro—Pakistan groups operating in Jammu and Kashmir, the Irish Army in the U. K., etc. are already playing havoc in their respective areas. The number of these organizations is so large that it is difficult to list them out. They have their own training systems where they catch hold of young boys and indoctrinate them in subtle ways through guile, treachery, temptations or money. At several places they are running their own schools to ‘Catch them young’ and wash their brains. Some of the Madarsas being run by Muslim fundamentalists are allegedly involved in this type of activities.

It would on September 11, 2001 that the world woke up to the dangers of this terrible menace. A group of Al — Qaeda terrorists, guided and supported by the Taliban leader Osama Bin Laden based in Afghanistan, struck terror in the U. S.A. in a big way. They hijacked four US planes from some US civilian airports. While one of these planes hit against the US headquarters in Pentagon, another two planed brought down the towering World Trade Centre, killing at least 5000 innocent US citizens. The fourth, luckily, missed the target. It was, the reports say, scheduled to hit the White House, the residence of the US president.

George Bush, the President of the USA, swung into action and ordered US air force to attack Afghanistan and bring the terrorists to book. In a massive attack, the Talibans were defeated and destroyed and a new government came to control Afghanistan. Similarly America attacked Iraq as President Saddam himself appeared to be a big terror. Iraq was badly damaged. A group of terrorists trained in Pakistan attacked the Indian Parliament House on December 13, 2001 even when the Parliament was in session. The Indian security personnel killed all the five attackers on the spot but the incident shook whole of the country and the world. The war against terrorists is continuing and the world community has decided to continue to fight till terrorism is fully wiped out from the face of this earth.

The UNO has, in a resolution, called upon various nations to join hands and work as United Alliance to face this threat of terrorism anywhere at any time in the world.

Pak-trained terrorists continue to cross over to India and let loose a reign of terror in J & K. Terrorism has already taken a heavy toll of life and property. It is a shame that even as the human civilization is marching ahead, some people are bent upon pushing the world back to the age of barbarism and brutality full of chaos and indiscipline. The law of the jungle will take us nowhere. We can only pray for good sense of prevail so that the world is able to share and enjoy the blessings bestowed upon mankind by new leaps in the field of science and technology.

Short essay on diversity in Indian Culture

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India is a land of diversity in race, region, caste, language, mate, landform, flora and fauna and so on. From ancient time till day India has repaintained this diversity from very ancient time. Mature has shaped the country so. Rightly this land has been termed as «the epitome of the world.» The fundamental diversity in India is gleaned from the following.

Geographical Diversity:

India is a vast country with great diversity of physical features. Certain parts in India are so fertile that they are counted amongst the most fertile regions of the world while other are so unproductive and barren that hardly anything car be grown there.

The regions of Indo — Gangetic Valley belong to the first category, while certain area of Rajasthan falls under the later category. From the point of view of climate, there is sharp contrast. As Minoo Massami has said that, «India has every variety of climates from the blazing heat of the plains, as hot in places as hottest Africa-Jacobabad in Sindh — to freezing point (the Arctic cold of the Himalayas).

The Himalayan ranges which are always covered with snow are very cold while the deserts of Rajasthan are well known for their heat. The country also does not get uniform rainfall. There are certain areas like Cherapunji in Assam which get almost 460″ of rain — fall per year which is considered to be world’s highest record on the other hand, Sindh and Rajasthan get hardly 3 inches of rainfall per — year. This variety in climate has also contributed to a variety of flora and fauna. In fact, India possesses richest variety of plants and animals known in the world.

Racial Diversity:

India possesses a rich variety of races. In view of this variety Prof. V. A. Smith says, «From the human point of view India has been often described as an ethnological Dr racial museum in which numberless races of mankind may be steadied.»

«The vast population of India consists of the jungles tribe (Hence Bhils, Kols, Santhals), the Greeks, the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Hunas, the Mongolians, the Arabs, the Turks, the Afghans etc. The physical features and color of the Indian people also differ from region to region — While the people of Kashmir are handsome and fair in complexion, these qualities are missing among the habitants of Assam.

Linguistic Diversity:

India not only possesses racial diversity but also linguistic diversity — It is said that almost 400 languages are spoken in India. Some of the prominent language recognized by the constitution includes, Assamese Bengali, Gujrkti, Hindi, Kannad, Kashmiri, and Malayalam. Marathi, Or Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Terrill, Telgu and Urdu. In fact it is commonly believed that in India the language changes after every four kooks. There is not only variety of languages but also variety of scripts in India some of the popular scripts in ancient times were Pali, Kharosthi Devnagri, etc. What is really striking is that almost all these language — possess their own literature which differ a great deal from each other

Religious and social Diversity:

In the religious sphere also India possesses great diversity. Almost all the principal religions of the world like Brahmanism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity are found here. Most of these religions are further sub-divided into various sects and divisions.

For example, Buddhism is divided into Hinayana and Mahayana; the Jainism is divided into Digambaras and Septembers and the Brahmanism is divided into the Vaishnavas, Shivas, Shaktis, Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj etc. In addition the primitive men have their own peculiar cults which are quite distinct from these major religions. Thus we can say India possess completely diversity on religious sphere.

In the social sphere also the general customs and manners of the people greatly different. People of different regions use different types of dresses. Their eating habits and customs are also quite different. Certain people are quite civilized while other are yet backward in their customs. Thus we find as Radhakumud Mukherjee has put it, «India is a museum of cults and customs, creeds and cultures, faiths and tongues, racial types and social systems.

Political Diversity:

The diversity in culture, races, language, religion etc. greatly stood in the way of political unity in India. As a result from the earliest times, India has been divided into several independent principalities. The rulers of these principalities were always engaged in wars with each other for supremacy. This disunity and friction was fully exploited by the foreign invaders to bring India under their subjugation.

No doubt certain rulers like Chandra Gupta Maurya, Ashoka, Samudra Gupta, Ala — ud — din Khiliji and Akbar had subjugated these principalities and established strong empire but they were only handful of the rulers who could accomplish it. For most of the time India presented the spectacle of a divided country. Even under this mighty rulers a real unity could not be established both due to the lack of means of communication and transportation as well as national consciousness. In short, we can say that really speaking India could never be united politically.

In this way diversity pervades on the whole of Indian subcontinent. This diversity is so much so that a foreigner will simply stare at this. Anyway, such diversities are not the hallmarks of Indian culture. The main theme of this culture is unity which absorbs all the diversities.