Oedipus the king essay on fate

Oedipus’ fate

To what extent do you think Oedipus deserved what happened to him, and does he deserve our sympathy? It is debatable as to whether Oedipus deserved what happened to him at the end of the play, some would argue that Oedipus did deserve his fate by the end; however, in my opinion Oedipus did not deserve what happened to him because he was doing his Job as king and trying to save his people from the plague. Firstly, Oedipus deserved what happened to him at the end of the play because, while It may appear to be a good quality for a leader. e asked too many questions; ven when there were warning signs for him to stop his investigation for Laius’ murderer, Oedipus persisted and eventually caused his own downfall. This shows that Oedipus deserved what happened to him because if he had asked fewer questions, he would not have discovered the truth, and he would not have had the same fate. However, in my opinion, the fact that he asked so many questions showed that Oedipus did not deserve the fate he received.

This is because Oedipus only asked so many questions In order to discover the source of the plague and end It. Therefore, Oedipus’ questions present him as a good leader, which did not deserve a bad fate, as he was doing his job as king and trying to save his people from the plague. Although Oedipus was showing a good quality as a leader, his actions had disastrous consequences, showing that he deserves the audience’s sympathy, as he was punished for no reason.

Another reason showing that Oedipus did not deserve the fate he received at the end of the play is that he was always trying to avoid his fate, yet could not. For example, once Oedipus discovered that he was destined to kill his father and marry his other, he ran away from his home to try and avoid this fate. However, Oedipus had no hope in avoiding his fate because running away actually led to him killing his father and marrying his mother.

Therefore, Oedipus did not deserve the fate he received as he tried as hard as he could to avoid It, but he was unsuccessful. Then again, Oedipus arguably deserved his own fate, as he could not “let sleeping dogs lie”, as Jocasta told him to. Whenever a piece of information unraveled itself, Oedipus chose to investigate further; however, if he could follow Jocasta’s advice, he would ave not received the same fate. Therefore, Oedipus may have deserved his fate, as he was too Ignorant to listen toJocasta and end his Investigation.

Finally, Oedipus did not deserve the fate he received at the end of the play because he all the actions he took, good or bad led to his eventual disastrous fate: therefore, Oedipus was helpless in changing his fate, and he was destined to have the same fate no matter what he did. This is evident as because, although what he was doing was a good deed for the Theban people, it had disastrous effects on Oedipus, howing that even good actions led to Oedipus’ eventual fate.

However, once again It fate was to kill his father and marry his mother, but it was Oedipus’ actions that led to him being blinded and exiled, for he could not give up his investigation. To conclude, whilst some may argue that Oedipus deserved his fate at the end of the play; in my opinion, Oedipus did not deserve this fate because he was helpless in preventing his inevitable fate. This is evident because whatever Oedipus did, good or bad, would have a disastrous effect.

Essay: Oedipus the King: Free Will vs Fate

The events in Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, show an underlying relationship of man’s free will existing within the cosmic order or fate which the Greeks believed guided the universe in a harmonious purpose. Man was free to choose and was ultimately held responsible for his own actions. Both the concept of fate and free will played an itregal part in Oedipus’ destruction. Although he was a victim of fate, he was not controlled by it. Oedipus was destined from birth to someday marry his mother and to murder his father. This prophecy, as warned by the oracle of Apollo at Delphi was unconditional and inevitably would come to pass, no matter what he may have done to avoid it. His past actions were determined by fate, but what he did in Thebes, he did so of his own will.

From the beginning of this tragedy, Oedipus took many actions leading to his own downfall. Oedipus could have waited for the plague to end, but out of compassion for his suffering people, he had Creon go to Delphi. When he learned of Apollo’s word, he could have calmly investigated the murder of the former King Laius, but in his hastiness, he passionately curses the murderer, and in so, unknowingly curses himself. “Upon the murderer I invoke this curse — whether he is one man and all unknown, or one of many — may he wear out his life in misery or doom! If with my knowledge he lives at my hearth, I pray that I myself may feel my curse.” (pg. 438; lines 266-271)

In order for Sophecles’ Greek audience to relate to the tragic figure, he had to have some type of flaws or an error of ways. This brought the character down to a human level, invoking in them the fear that “it could happen to them.” And Oedipus certainly is not one without flaws. His pride, ingnorance, insolence and disbelief in the gods, and unrelenting quest for the truth ultimately contributed to his destuction. When Oedipus was told (after threatening Teiresias), that he was responsible for the murder of Laius, he became enraged and calls the old oracle a liar. He ran away from his home, Corinth, in hopes of outsmarting the gods divine will. Like his father, Oedipus also sought ways to escape the horrible destiny told by the oracle of Apollo. The chorus warns us of man’s need to have reverence for the gods, and the dangers of too much pride. “If a man walks with haughtiness of hand or word and gives no heed to Justice and the shrines of Gods despises — may an evil doom smite him for his ill-starred pride of heart!- if he reaps gains without justice and will not hold from impiety and his fingers itch for untouchable things. When such things are done, what man shall contrive to shield his soul from the shafts of the God?” (pg. 452; 975-984)

Oedipus’ unyielding desire to uncover the truth about Laius’ murder and the mystery surrounding his own birth, led him to the tragic realization of his horrific deeds. Teiresias, Jocasta and the herdsman tried to stop him from pursuing the truth. Take for example a part of the last conversation between Jocasta and Oedipus. After realizing that the prophecy had came true, Jacasta begs him to just let the mystery go unsolved for once. “I beg you — do not hunt this out — I beg you, if you have any care for your own life. What I am suffering is enough.” (pg. 461; 1158-1161) Oedipus replies, “I will not be persuaded to let chance of finding out the whole thing clearly.” (pg. 461; 1166-1167) He is unable to stop his quest for the truth, even under his wife’s pleading. For it is in his own vain that he must solve the final riddle, the riddle of his own life.

Upon discovery of the truth of his birth from the herdsman, Oedipus cries, “I who first saw the light bred of a match accursed, and accursed in my living with them, cursed in my killing.” (pg. 465; 1300-1303) Oedipus knew that his fate had indeed come to pass and feels cursed by it. The chorus then sings an ode on the sorrow of life and the tragic fate to which even the most honored, like Oedipus are ultimately subject. “What man, what man on earth wins more happiness than a seeming and after that turning away? Oedipus you are my pattern of this, Oedipus you and your fate! Luckless Oedipus, whom of all men I envied not at all. (pg. 465; 1305-1311)

At the end of this tragic story, when Oedipus gouges out his eyes, the chorus asks him what god urged him to blind himself. Oedipus replied, “It was Apollo, friends, Apollo, that brought this bitter bitterness, my sorrows to completion. But was the hand that struck me was none but my own.” (pg. 467; 1450-1453) He claimed full responsibility for his actions. Oedipus was guilty of killing his father and marrying his mother, but perhaps the true sin lay in his overzealous attempt to raise himself to the level of the gods by trying to escape his fate. The chorus chants about how in prosperity, he was envied by all men, he was honored highest above all honors, and how he won happiness by pride (by slaughtering the Sphinx, and by trying to deceive the god’s will.) But, how ultimately, Odipus was judged for it, causing a reversal of fortune in his prosperous life.

The fact that Oedpius’ motives for killing his father, Laius, and wedding his mother, Jocasta, it does not take away from the horrific nature of the crimes. When he tears at his eyes with his Jocasta’s broach, Oedipus is accepting the full burden of his acts and knew that he must be punished for his sins. Therefore the last act of destruction was caused by Oedipus’ free will, but his tragic fate came about because of the nature of the cosmic order ( that every sin must be punished) and role of the gods in human affairs.

The chorus concludes this tragedy by warning the Greeks, that the only way to happiness is through humility and respect towards the gods, (qualities which Oedipus lacked, and ultimately led to his destruction.) They also warn not to take anything for granted, or suffer a fate like that of Oedipus. ” You live in my ancestral Thebes, behold this Oedipus,- him who knew the famous riddle and was a man most masterful,- not a citizen who did not look with envy on his lot-see him now and see the breakers of misfortune swall him! Look upon that last day always. Count no mortal happy till he has passed the final limit of his life secure from pain.” (pg. 470; 1643-1670)

Oedipus the King Character Analysis

Oedipus life was wonderful until the plague hit Thebes and there forth the cookie crumbled. “The point of many of our tragedies seems to be that, since the character cannot escape his or her fate, that each of us, given a set of circumstances, would do the same thing. ”( Jon Blackstock ) I believed should have sympathy because were many pieces in the story that he did not know but his character of anger, overreacting, teasing Tiresias, and fate is what brought Oedipus down to an ugly fate. Oedipus themes and ideas of irony and fate happened over and over numerous times throughout the play.

He believed in fate like the entire Greeks society does but he mostly believes in his own capital ability and action to seek out and determination of his future. Irony can have so many forms it is evident that irony is situational, verbal and dramatic. In the story of Oedipus on relies on really himself because he believes in his own mind first to support his decision of wisdom making were made by his analyzed thoughts. Sophocles was always a very strong believer of destiny, but in the story of Oedipus the King he had different alternatives.

While the onion layer of the harmartia start to unfold Oedipus anger to really come full force and start to call everybody to palace to discover the truth. Sophocles in generally express concern through protagonist in Oedipus the King. Oedipus anger and arrogance leads him to a lot of red flag and more. Which cause dissatisfaction in all men such as Creon in the chorus. In the begging Oedipus tries to pin Creon as his enemy and for trying to devise a plan to overthrow Oedipus thrown.

He tries to demand for his right hand official Creon to be killed as you can see this is where Oedipus judgment is really clouded. You can also really can see the emotional response of a lot of dissatisfaction as the result of anger that shows his inability to be patient, listen, or reason. Tiresias had many roles in the Oedipus play. He was like a father figure , wise old man, and a oracle in the Greek tragedies. Tiresias is the oracle that reveals the truth to Laius and Oedipus. “Tiresias also acts as a foil to Oedipus, revealing characteristics about him that we would not see otherwise by (Uthinker).

In they play Tiresias serve like a father fiquere to Oedipus. But Oedipus being so overreacting shows a lot of hostility towards him and ofcoarse accused him like he did Creon for being a traitor and being influenced by Creon and also teasing and making fun of his blind vision. Oedipus should have never showed animosity towards Tiresias who was the truth oracle and also a person in authoritative position. Tiresias was a truth blind prophet who saw into the future from the divination from the Gods.

Oedipus teasing Tiresias for being blind and when he does this cause a serious downfall and truth comes out spiraling out of control. “And Oedipus’ jealousy towards Tiresias serves as a reminder that Oedipus is not the king that he pretends to be. He is merely a child in an adult’s body. He has never grown up and cannot possibly hope to keep the title of king. (Uthinker)” When Tiresias tries Oedipus patients Oedipus tease him about being blind. Tiresias tells Oedipus that he can see quite clearly but Oedipus is the one who is very much blinded about the truth of his own life situation.

An Tiresias was right when Oedipus finally accepted the truth he ended up stabbing his own eyes out some say that maybe blinding his own self Oedipus thought it will gain him wisdom of foretelling the future sight that Tiresias had. To conclude Oedipus dopes deserve sympathy because were many pieces in the story that he did not know but his character of anger, overreacting, teasing Tiresias, and fate is what brought Oedipus down to an ugly fate. His anger and arrogance was the big red flag that made Oedipus go spiraling downhill. For every minute you are angry you lose sixty seconds of happiness. ”(Ralph Waldo Emerson) I strongly believe in this quote because in a matter of hours Oedipus lost everything he dearly loved. His throne, wife, sight, and all he had left was his children but he had to leave and go off to banishment. If Oedipus what have just listened to the truth his life would have not been so bad he could keep his family and took over another kingdom but as you can see when you are overreacting everything goes for the worse.