Physical and mental health essay

Physical and mental health essay

Physical Health Essay Paper

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Suggested this could be due to a purposeful avoidance of health services by those who are mentally unwell, or that during this time of their mental health crisis, many are suffering the effects of their illness such as positive symptoms, thought disorder, or the flat effects associated with schizophrenia, these experiences could make it harder for them to go to their appointments. Shah, Chant & McGrath (2007) state that the reason as to the exact cause of this gap Is not known, however many theories have been suggested as to why it has occurred.

Mac Credit (2003) attributed this gap as lifestyle factors. In a study on people suffering from schizophrenia against those who were mentally well, there was significant findings that the individuals with schizophrenia ate poorer ties, consuming under half of the recommended guide lines of fruit and vegetable consumptions in a week, they undertook substantially lower exercise than the comparison group and tended to have a higher body mass Index.

According to Cough game; Peeler (2004) current risk factors for people to suffer from diabetes are linked to issues such as eating unhealthy food and being inactive. Scene &De Here (2007) suggested that many who suffer from schizophrenia have certain lifestyle patterns that leave them at risk of developing diabetes, such as the lack of exercise they par take in, the unhealthy diet, being inactive and smoking. De Here, et al (2009) concurred with this flying and found that the mentally unwell have a higher chance of being a smoker and being overweight, as well as developing diabetes.

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Leslie & Rechecks (2004) argue that there is no conclusive evidence as to why many who are mentally unwell develop diabetes, however there is a strong occurrence between obesity and the current use of second — generation antispasmodic drugs. De Here et al (2009) have also found that there is a correlation between the use of some anti psychotic medication and weight gain. De Here, Winkle, Van Cocky, Hansen, Hampers, scenes & Passkeys ( suggest people suffering Trot councilperson ay nave a greater chance of suffering a metabolic defect.

They suggested that metabolic defects are inbuilt to those with schizophrenia, this was raised due to people already having such defects when they are suffering their first psychotic experience. However there findings also indicated the anti psychotic medication has a direct impact on metabolic illness. When this data was weighed against those who were not unwell, and consistent in age bracket and sex, those suffering schizophrenia had significant higher rates of metabolic illness and diabetes. This evidence amplified as age and the length of their illness increased.

This occurrence was seen to be at its strongest when a person had been suffering from schizophrenia for ten years and over. This research indicates that there is a link between either the illness and metabolic defects or a correlation between the illness and antispasmodic drugs. Connelly et al (2005) suggest that the danger for the person with schizophrenia is the weight gain caused by the medication, this weight gain then increases the chances of the individual developing diabetes. It was suggested that a cause of the weight gain old be that the antispasmodic drugs have tranquilizer side effects.

However other aspects should not be overlooked such as the individual may have low motivation to engage in exercise. Connelly et al (2005) also found that when a person is overweight this is connected with glucose intolerance and exercise can help combat this. Looking in to the correlation of anti psychotic medication and diabetes a study was carried out by Miller & Moll (2005) assessing diabetes against people receiving a depot narcoleptic and found that those receiving the depot had a 19% higher chance of having diabetes against the general population.

However this vast amount of research regarding the correlation between schizophrenia and the increased risk of diabetes occurring seems irrelevant, when there is no pathway designed to assess individuals at risk, and as a result there is. No designs on how this risk could be handle successfully (Cough et al 2004). Looking more specifically at the service user I am going to discuss, and will refer to as person W, it is evident that her current diagnosis of schizophrenia coinciding with being overweight and also receives a depot narcoleptic, all classify her as a high risk of developing the diabetes she suffers.

The depot that Patient W was taking, dipole, has been classed as low potency and according to Connelly et al (2005) in relation to weight, the low potency drugs seem to be a strong indicator of responsibility as to this weigh gain. Miller et al (2005) also discuss the higher risk of having diabetes from being on depot narcoleptic and according to De Here, et al (2009) having a severe mental illness increases you chances of being overweight and smoking, Patient W is both overweight, smokes and receives a depot narcoleptic.

Being overweight itself is a risk factor to diabetes (Cough et al 2004). Thus Patient W falls onto all the areas of high risk for someone to develop diabetes. The NICE guidelines state that diabetes is a metabolic condition defined by having a high level of blood glucose concentration. Type two diabetes is known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. As a result of the high level of blood glucose people becoming insulin resistant.

Person W is a 54 year has a psychiatric diagnosis of schizophrenia, seen currently resides In an acute assessment war In an Inner city arson w NAS Ana this diagnosis for over twenty years, she has been a smoker since her teenage years and has had chronic health problems for over five years. In terms of physical health problems Person W has been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COOP) in the form of chronic asthma, Diabetes type 2 and is obese. Person W receives medication for her physical health and mental health problems.

For her schizophrenia she is on a two weekly dipole MGM depot injection and takes irreparable MGM antispasmodic medication once a day 1 OMG. For her diabetes she takes Is on meteoroid log three times a day, for her type 2 diabetes. Chronographic, Ferulae & Sewers (2002)state that Meteoroid works by lowering the amount of cells that are resistant to insulin. This medicine appears to not only work on this metabolic condition but also helps fight obesity. This drug is specifically aimed at those who are obese. Person W also takes Royalist slimming tablets MGM per day and simulation for cholesterol MGM twice a day.

Patient W has an inhaler containing Spirits MGM which she uses once a day for her asthma. During her time on the ward, this patient received daily blood glucose level checks, this was done mainly at am before Patient W had eaten her breakfast. Patient W was advised healthy eating techniques and what food she should try avoid such as sweet food. The ward did not have any specific objectives and aims in place to help Patient W to control her diabetes. She was not referred to a dietician, which could of been to her benefit and the main intervention used was monitoring.

It is reported in her care plan all Patient WAS physical health problems therefore all staff are informed of her specific needs. Patient W blood pressure and oxygen saturation level are also monitored and if her oxygen saturation fell below 90%, she would use one liter of oxygen per minute. This was happening three times a day when she first came to the ward; however Patient W often refused this during her stay. There are a number of other interventions that would benefit Patient W in regards to her diabetes and in turn her well being such as information regarding foot care, more about diabetes itself and lifestyle guidance.

It is important for people with diabetes to keep an eye on their feet. The Nice guidelines suggest that people monitor their feet on a daily bases looking out for any development of ulcers, the reasoning for this being that in people with diabetes an ulcer can quickly turn in to something more serious and result in the need of amputations. They should keep in regular contact with their health professionals and be taught techniques on how to protect their feet, such things as giving advice to wear well fitted shoes and look out for cracks or anything that deviates from what their feet are generally like.

This practice of awareness is vital in helping individuals keep on top of their physical health needs. Dickerson, Goldberg, Brown, Checkerberry, Pram, Hollister, Fang, Method & Dixon (2005) suggested that those who are naive to diabetes and its effects of the body are those who will be overwhelmed by the impact of such a diagnoses and see it as troublesome. With this in mind it would be beneficial to educate people and this should in turn make people more understanding of their condition and the treatment they need to engage in.

Cough et al (2004) go a step further than this and suggest that due to the vast amount of evidence suggesting a correlation and schizophrenia it would be good practice for all tense guttering Trot a Lagoons AT councilperson to undergo Olathe screening tests. De Here et al (2006) concurred with this finding. Similarly Miller et al (2005) felt that those who receive treatment for schizophrenia via a depot neurotic glucose evils and weight are frequently checked, thus giving time for the right treatment to be used effectively.

Cough et al (2004) suggests that the responsibility for this screening should lie with the general practitioners, and when an antispasmodic medication is being selected for patient the importance lies in finding a drug that will help the service user adhere to taking their medication and as a result of this improve the service users participation in undertaking diabetes awareness and coping approaches, this includes educating service user’s on healthy eating and exercise.

Connelly et al (2005) is in agreement with these findings again emphasizing the importance for lifestyle changes to occur as well as monitoring, furthermore they suggest that if these changes are occurring it is advisable to re assess the medication to one which is not so associated with weight gain. On a final point Connelly et al (2005) highlight that a genetic biological link between schizophrenia and diabetes, although not confirmed, has proven significant findings and must be taken in to consideration. To conclude, this reflective essay proves that more needs to be done for those suffering from a mental health illness and diabetes.

The Relationship between Physical and Mental Healt.

The World Health Organization defines health as the “state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not just the absence of disease or infirmity.[1]” It further states that there cannot be health “without mental health.” Mental health and physical health are fundamentally correlated whichever way you look at it. They influence each other such that deterioration of one leads to the deterioration of the other and improvement of one improves the other. Therefore, government policy should be focused towards improving the status of both health areas, especially mental health as an equally important public health issue. A balance between the two not only improves the overall quality of life for every individual but also creates a healthier and wealthier nation.

The interrelationship between physical and mental health is evident in the case of chronic ailments. Poor mental health increases the risk that an individual may develop a chronic physical health problem. Similarly, an individual with a chronic physical health problem is at a higher risk of drifting into mental health problems including stress, depression, and anxiety. In as much as treatment of mental deviations might not treat the physical condition, it makes the whole difference of improving the socio-emotional functioning and fatigue. As a result, the patient is in a better position to recover from the physical ailment.

Poor mental health has negative impacts on physical health in many ways. Anxiety, stress, and depressive states often cause severe headaches, hypertension, and stomach ulcers. Besides negatively affecting the state of physical well being, poor mental health also aggravates existing physical health problems. It has been reported that stress and anxiety aggravate the symptoms of asthma[2]. It also increases the propensity to develop certain physical conditions. For instance, excessive stress amplifies the probability of developing arthritis and chronic anxiety increases the threat of developing heart disease[3]. Mental health conditions are also known to weaken the body defense system (immunity), and this amplifier the possibility of developing chronic physical diseases.

On the other hand, physical health problems affect mental wellbeing in many ways. According to a research conducted by the University of Washington, School of Medicine, there is a high occurrence of key depressive ailments in patients with chronic physical ailments[4]. It is observed that the feeling of depression, anxiety, and stress is heightened in patients with cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and asthma. These studies show a strong link between the body and the mind. Leading a healthy lifestyle and making healthy life choices affect the body and the mind positively. Physical activity, eating a healthy and balance diet, not smoking, regular medical checkups, enough rest, and developing good coping strategies in sickness help to prevent numerous physical and mental health conditions.

Maintaining Physical Wellbeing

Maintaining the physical wellbeing is dependent on the level of physical activity, amount of rest or sleep that one gets, the type of diet one is on, the extent, frequency and nature of physical exercises, and the impact of routine medical checkups. Performing a mentally fatiguing task before a physical exercise makes an individual exhausted faster than performing the same physical exercise after a mentally rested period[5]. This means that if one rests enough before a busy day, he will have the peaceful mind necessary to keep him feeling good all day and even to help him last longer during the day. A study proved that old physically fit people tend to have bigger hippocampus than unfit ones and thus have better spatial memory[6].

Research also proves that improving physical fitness through exercises helps in relieving mental health concerns. One needs not be an excellent athlete to feel fit enough. A slight and gentle exercise is recommended for people with mental health conditions. A simple stroll every other day is enough to make a health improving difference. It is widely accepted that “a physically fit and well body leads to a mentally fit mind” and that “a mentally fit mind leads to a physically fit body.[7]” Eating enough and well-balanced meals improve physical health by providing nutrients necessary for building the body as well as preventing the body from nutritional deficiencies.

Maintaining Mental Wellbeing

It can be argued that bad sleeping patterns are not only a symptom of a mental health concern but also the cause of some of the mental problems in the first place. There has been intensive research linking sleep deprivation to poor states of mental health. These researches have consistently held that sleep is essential to mental wellbeing. To maintain a good mental health and consequently a good physical health, we must ensure we get enough physical and mental rest as well as adequate sleep. It is interesting that a sense of physical balance is related to good mental health.

A study once showed that treating children for balance problems also eased their anxiety[8]. This shows that a physical problem may mimic a mental one and thus treating either one relieves the other. Generally, maintaining a good mental state requires a stable environment free from noise and other disturbances as well as an environment free from stressors. Coping is vital in ensuring that an undesirable mental state does not deteriorate to a worse one or develop into a severe mental problem. A positive attitude and social support help cope with life stressors and mood depressants.

Simultaneous Occurrence of both Physical and Mental Disease

In addition to developing poor physical health, people with depression also develop a bad self-perception of the ill health. Even though both physical and mental diseases tend to influence the occurrence of each other, it is possible that one can occur in the absence of the other. However, physical health problems occurring simultaneously with mental health problems have separate but additive effects compared to health concerns occurring alone. For instance, a simultaneous occurrence of both depression and heart disease can reduce social interaction twice as much as either of the conditions occurring alone[9].

The risk associated with this group of patients is that the physical ailment may mask or mimic the symptoms of depression, and thus make the assessment and treatment of the depression far much difficult. The reverse may also be true such that the effects of mental illness mask or mimic an existing physical illness, thus making treatment of the physical illness difficult to diagnose or manage. It is reported that in patients with a chronic ailment, the rate of depression increases thrice above normal. When both occur simultaneously, depression is less well diagnosed. It is more likely to be missed by health care practitioners because they are understandably more concerned with the physical ailment.

Recommendations and Solutions

Poor mental health increases risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer while available therapy to improve it acts as a protective factor in acquisition and deterioration of the diseases. The Mental Health Foundation recommends that all the bodies concerned understand the link between the two health factions[10]. It proposes that mental health should be included as an equally integral part of the public health agenda. There should be easily accessible and comprehensive physical health care for mentally ill patients. For patients with physical health concerns, especially those suffering from chronic physical health conditions, routine assessment of their psychological needs should be done. Notably, mental problems can go unrecognized during assessment of physical health problems, and therefore much should be done to ensure that both are assessed routinely. Recognition of the links between the two vital parts of public health is important for solution based public policy enactment.

The public should be educated more on the importance of routine exercises since it is overlooked more often than not. They should also be advised to make it a habit of visiting health facilities on pre-planned and regular basis. Nutrition is also an important factor that should be addressed regardless of one’s economic ability. The government should come up with policies that require all health care facilities to manage mental health and physical issues since both are inseparable. The healthcare facilities should also be prepared for the changes that would improve the overall health outlook of the public.

A study by the Oregon State University shows that besides benefits associated with treatment and management, good coordination of care and interplay between providers of mental and healthcare will help in cost savings within medical systems[11]. This is because early interventions are less costly. They also provide the patient with a better chance o survival and overall care[12]. It is also important that health be managed at an individual level such that one makes healthy choices and leads a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle advice on physical activity and sleep is beneficial, especially to mentally ill patients or those at higher risk of developing mental illness. Treating mental illness symptoms like depression might not eliminate physical health problems but it improves socio-emotional functioning. Therefore, treatment of depression during definitive treatment of physical diseases is important because even if the prognosis is poor, the treatment improves the quality of life of the patient.

Many researchers have established an important link between physical health and mental health. Managing one area properly increases the probability of a positive treatment outcome. On the contrary, simultaneous occurrence of poor statuses of both areas doubles the problems associated with individual health problems. Moreover, it makes it hard for health professionals to identify the mental health side. Both affect each other such that a boost in one naturally boosts the other. Since the reverse is also the case, there is need for appropriate coordination between the two factions. Coordination should be started at governmental level such that policies that favor management of both are enacted at every visit at health care facilities. Individual responsibility is also important in tackling health problems since an individual’s lifestyle choices sum up their overall health status.

Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). (2013). “Connection Between Mental and Physical Health. Canadian Mental Health Association. Retrieved from http://ontario. cmha. ca/mental-health/connection-between-mental-and-physical-health/

Collingwood, J. (2013). “The Relationship between Mental and Physical Health”. PsychCentral. Retrieved from http://psychcentral. com/lib/the-relationship-between-mental-and-physical-health/0002949

Griffiths, E. (2013). :Health – The Link Between Physical and Mental Health”. Mental Healthy. Retrieved from http://www. mentalhealthy. co. uk/news/98-health-the-link-between-physical-and-mental-health. html

Mental Health Foundation (MHF). (2013). “Physical Health and Mental Health.” Mental Health Foundation. Retrieved from http://mentalhealth. org. uk/our-work/policy/physical-health-and-mental-health/

Oregon State University (OSU). (2012). “Study shows major link between physical and mental health.” News Medical. Retrieved from http://www. news-medical. net/news/20120718/Study-shows-major-link-between-physical-and-mental-health. aspx

Windsor-Essex County Health Unit (WECHU). (2013). “Mental Health and Physical Health: Exploring the Connection”. Windsor-Essex County Health Unit. Retrieved from http://www. wechealthunit. org/workplace-health/health-topics/keep-health-in-mind/mental-health-and-physical-health-exploring-the-connection

[1] Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). (2013). “Connection between Mental and Physical Health. Canadian Mental Health Association. Retrieved from http://ontario. cmha. ca/mental-health/connection-between-mental-and-physical-health/, p. 1

[2] Windsor-Essex County Health Unit (WECHU). (2013). “Mental Health and Physical Health: Exploring the Connection”. Windsor-Essex County Health Unit. Retrieved from http://www. wechealthunit. org/workplace-health/health-topics/keep-health-in-mind/mental-health-and-physical-health-exploring-the-connection

[5] Griffiths, E. (2013). Health – The Link Between Physical and Mental Health”. Mental Healthy. Retrieved from http://www. mentalhealthy. co. uk/news/98-health-the-link-between-physical-and-mental-health. html

[9] Collingwood, J. (2013). “The Relationship between Mental and Physical Health”. PsychCentral. Retrieved from http://psychcentral. com/lib/the-relationship-between-mental-and-physical-health/0002949

[10] Mental Health Foundation (MHF). (2013). “Physical Health and Mental Health.” Mental Health Foundation. Retrieved from http://mentalhealth. org. uk/our-work/policy/physical-health-and-mental-health/

[11] Oregon State University (OSU). (2012). “Study shows major link between physical and mental health.” News Medical. Retrieved from http://www. news-medical. net/news/20120718/Study-shows-major-link-between-physical-and-mental-health. aspx

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Mental Illness and Physical Illness Essay Example

Physical and mental illness were thought to be combined until the late 1800’s. Starting in the Middle Ages, the mentally and physically ill were treated inhumanely and were believed to be supernatural (Timeline: Treatments for Mental Illness). During the 1600’s, Europeans began to isolate the mentally and physically ill and frequently chained them to walls and put them into asylums.. When put in the asylums, they were with criminals and the less fortunate. They were also physically abused and had no clothing or food.

In the 1700’s, the mentally and physically ill were put into workhouses or into general hospitals and were usually abandoned in both these places. Although, French physician Phillippe Pinel tried to provide patients with sunny rooms and better living conditions, but the inhumane treatment still remained. (Timeline: Treatments for Mental Illness). Throughout the 1800’s, many people observed and studied the mentally ill after psychiatrist Emil Kraeplin provided more information discussing mental disorders. His research about the differences between manic-depressive psychosis and schizophrenia are still proven true (Timeline: Treatments for Mental Illness). The United States believed that hospitals for mentally and physically ill and humane treatment will heal the disabled was not proven true until Nellie Bly, New York World reporter, acts as if she is a mentally ill person and reports how terrible the asylums are. After her reports were published, the United States started funding to improve conditions.

The mentally and physically ill were linked throughout history and they always will be. Mental and physical disabilities are connected because it is a part of one’s health. The World Health Organization States define: health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (Connection Between Mental and Physical Health). When a person has poor mental health they have a high possibility of having lifelong physical conditions. For example, people who are diagnosed with depression are more likely to have worse physical health (Jane Collingwood). Also, when a person is experiencing chronic physical conditions, they are at a much higher risk of a declining mental health. When a person has the combination of a physical and mental illness, their diagnosis is twice as serious as a person with only one of the two illnesses. The combination of these two illnesses can cause double the reduction in social interaction. Any person who has a chronic physical illness is more likely to feel more mental distress than a healthy person. In October 2014, a research in Australia showed that more than 40 percent of Australians living with a mental health issue also have a physical illness. (Physical Illness). David Goldberg, professor at the Institute of Psychiatry, reported that rates of depression in patients with a chronic disease are almost three times higher than normal (Jane Collingwood). Goldberg also states that: “Depression and chronic physical illness are in reciprocal relationship with one another: not only do many chronic illness cause higher rates of depression, but depression has shown to antedate some chronic physical illnesses” (Jane Collingwood).

Patients who have a physical and mental illness are not always treated for both of their problems. When a person has a physical illness alongside with a mental illness, health professionals are more concerned with the physical illness or the professional may not be aware of the occurring mental illness (Mark Dombeck). The physical illness does not always occur first. A mental illness can develop before the physical illness. For example, depression is known to cause coronary heart disease, stroke, colorectal cancer, back pain, irritable bowel syndrome, and multiple sclerosis.

Even though mental and physical illnesses have their similarities, they are considered very different. Mental and physical illnesses are different because of where the base of the illness is. Mental illness is psychological and begins within one’s brain, such as one’s ability to get their brain to process certain functions and be able to do everyday actions. Physical Illness is related to your body and not your mind. As a whole, mental and physical illness are completely different, but when you start inspecting the smaller pieces of each illness, the more that they are similar.

Physical Illnesses include: Cancer, Diabetes, Asthma, Chromosome Conditions, etc. Cancer is a disease that is caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in the body. Diabetes is a metabolic disease where the body cannot produce enough insulin and it causes elevated glucose in the blood. Asthma is a lung disorder that makes it hard to breathe because of how the lungs swell and narrow the airways. There are thousands of physical illnesses and they all are related to the body. People that have a physical disability are more likely to have poorer health, lower education rewards, less economic participation and higher rates of poverty than people who live without a physical disability (10 facts of disability). Physical Illness is not rare in the United States, there are about 74.6 million people that have a physical illness, while 27 million of those people are women. (11 Facts About Physical Disability.) Physical Illnesses can be short or long term, depending on the type of illness you have and how severe it is. The illness can improve but it relies on the type of medication taken and physical therapy. (Physical Disability). People who have physical disabilities also have learning disabilities. About 200 babies are born every week with a learning disability (Papworth Trust Disability Facts and Figures 2010). Researchers predict that between 2001 and 2020 that the number of adults with learning disabilities will increase by 11 percent. In England, that prediction means that over one million people over the age of 15 will have a learning disability by 2021. (Estimating Future Need/Demand for Support for Adults with Learning Disabilities in England, Institute for Health Research, Lancaster University 2004).

Thousands of people are suffering with a physical illness each day, but there are ways to overcome a physical illness. Every illness has a different treatment that comes along with it. All of the medications or therapies that a person has to take depends upon many things, such as: age, height, weight, allergies, gender, etc. One type of physical illness is cancer. Cancer has several different types of treatments for instance, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, and many more. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are the most common treatments for cancer. In surgery, they remove the tumor but not everyone’s tumor can be removed. If the tumor cannot be removed, a person will most likely take chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor before surgery (What are the different types of cancer treatment).

Diabetes is another form of physical illness are there are various types of diabetes. Treatment for diabetes depends on the type of diabetes the person has. The two main types of diabetes are type one diabetes and type two diabetes. Type one diabetes is an immune disorder where the body attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas (Diabetes Basics: Types of Diabetes…The Causes & Symptoms). Type two diabetes is where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin. Type two causes a buildup of glucose in the blood, which causes damage to the body’s organ system, type one diabetes causes the body to be unable to produce insulin and forces the glucose to stay in the blood, where it damages all of the organ systems. Treatment for diabetes requires the person to monitor their blood glucose level and take insulin, as prescribed (Diabetes Basics: Types of Diabetes…The Causes & Symptoms). Cancer and Diabetes are two strong examples for physical illnesses and how much each of them differ in medication and the types of treatment required.

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There are thousands of types of mental illnesses. Mental illness affects around 26.2% of U. S citizens over the age of 18 (Mental Illness Statistics). Some of the most common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, dementia, schizophrenia, and eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are a disorder which makes the person experience random and frequent courses of fear (5 Types of Mental Illness and Disability). Certain actions that people have to execute trigger their anxiety. Some of the most common triggers include public speaking, a stressful job and having a physical illness (Common Anxiety Triggers for Anxiety and Panic). There are also different types of anxiety disorders. Panic Disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Social phobia, and Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among veterans and survivors of extreme trauma. Most people believe that all PTSD sufferers experienced the traumatic event, but PTSD can surface when a person learns about a traumatic event (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Fact Sheet). When a person has Obsessive-compulsive disorder, they have repeated thoughts concerning the fear of germs, dirt, violence, or being overly tidy (11 Facts About Obsessive Compulsive Disorders(OCD)). Two ways of treating obsessive compulsive disorders are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and medication. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on exploring relationships among a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors (Psychotherapy). Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SRI) is the most effective medication for OCD. SRI is traditionally used for depression but research shows that it helps OCD symptoms as well (Medications for OCD).

Depression is described as a whole body illness that affects a person’s health as well as how a person feels, thinks, and behaves toward others (What is Major Depression?). Depression affects around 20 million Americans and those people are more likely to suffer from other illnesses (11 Facts About Depression). The three major types of treatments for depression are medication, psychotherapy, and electric shock therapy (ECT). The medication for depression varies depending upon the symptoms a person is experiencing. Some antidepressants cause people to sleep at night, gain weight, or even lose weight (Coping With Side Effects of Depression Treatment). Psychotherapy, also used for OCD, is where a person talks about their problems and get advice on how to deal with their problems. Medication mixed in with psychotherapy is effective around 80%-90% of the time (Harold Koenig, MD). Electric shock therapy (ECT) has a high effective rate for people who did not respond to medication or psychotherapy. Even though it does have a high effective rate, most people think negatively about ECT. One reason most people think negatively about ECT is because they believe that it is the same as 20-30 years ago. Today, most people are anesthetized and only a part of the brain receives electric shock (What Are The Most Common Treatments For Depression?). ETC is a safe procedure, has few side effects, and treats depression more quickly than medication or psychotherapy.

Mental and physical illnesses are extremely similar yet very different and are linked as one throughout history, starting back as far as the 1700’s. Once they were separated, people became to know that mental illness was a psychological problem and physical illness was a bodily problem, but sometimes was having to do with the brain as well. A lot of people are affected by these two illnesses around the world and because of that everyone should have some knowledge about both of these illnesses.

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