Rights and responsibilities of citizens essay in 500 words

Essay on Rights and Duties of a Citizen.


Generally the major persons of a country are called her citizens. The constitution of India has defined the qualifications to be an Indian citizen. Generally those who are born in India, who are born of the Indian parents and who are the long time residents of India are accepted as the Indian citizens. Besides, there are some special categories too. Every citizen has certain rights to enjoy. So he would have the obligation to do certain duties to his country an nation.

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The Constitution of India has granted some fundamental rights to her Citizens. there are seven in number, such as; (1) right to equality, (2) right to freedom, (3) right against exploitation, (4) right to freedom of religion, (5) cultural and education rights, (6) right to property and (7) right to constitutional remedies.

Right to equality: It guarantees equality of opportunity to all in public employments, without discrimination of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Right to freedom: It guarantees freedom of speech, peaceful assembly, formation of associations and unions, free movement in India, freedom of inhabitation anywhere in India, freedom of acquiring, holding and disposing of properties and freedom of practicing any trade or profession.

Right against exploitation: Forced labour and traffic in human beings are prohibited.

Right of freedom of religion: Freedom of religion is guaranteed subject to provisions for health, morality, peace and order.

Cultural and educational rights: Linguistic, cultural and religious interests of the minorities are protected. They an establish and administer their educational institutions.

Right to property: No person can be unlawfully deprived of this movable and immovable property.

Right to constitutional remedies: Any citizen can move the Supreme Court of India for the enforcement of his fundamental rights.

These rights are guaranteed by the Indian constitution. Any act of the Legislature which affects these fundamental rights can be challenged in a Court of Law.


A citizen should have duties and responsibilities for his country. He should try to do the public good. He should control his conduct on the light of the good of his country. He should exercise his rights with proper judgment and obey the law of road and the like. He should try to build himself to do the best service for the country. He should have patriotism and fellow-feeling. As a citizen, he should know his responsibility to discharge his duties.


It is a matter of regret that most of the Indian citizens are neglectful of their duties to India. However, it is hoped, our student community will do their duties to the country, while enjoying the rights, guaranteed by the Constitution.

928 Words Essay on Rights and Duties of a Good Citizen

Rights and Duties are like to two sides of a coin, absolutely inseparable. Whenever and wherever we have any rights, we must have corresponding duties. Whether it be the home, the society or the country, in every sphere of life we have rights and duties that go hand in hand. We have rights in the same measure as we have duties. Let us be very clear that there can be no rights without an equal measure of corresponding duties or responsibilities.

Part III of the Indian Constitution enumerates the Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens, including the right to equality, speech, expression etc. However, originally the Indian Constitution did not include a chapter on fundamental duties of citizens.

In 1976 only this has been incorporated in order to restrict and balance rights and duties. However, sufficient attention has not been given to duties of the citizens and this neglect is here for all of us to see and bear. All Indians are very well aware of their rights but none yes, none of any category seem to be equally aware of duties. We continue to ask for this right and that right but, do we ever wait to ponder if we are doing our duties also?

Not only the Indian Constitution even most of the Western countries have ignored the inclusion of fundamental duties in their books. However, there it did not ever lead to chaos similar to what we see here in India. This is because, most of these advanced countries of the West are imbued with a high sense of patriotism as a result of education and training in their elementary duties and obligations as citizens. There also people are taught about their rights but, at the same time they are also taught what the country expects from them.

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By and large, they conduct themselves as responsible citizens of their respective countries, showing full regard to all others and to the country. The education and training given to them makes it possible for them to be responsible even though, even there, people’s duties are not very clearly specified, but the education makes a great difference.

This situation does not exist in India, where 75% are rural masses mostly unlettered. These people having received all rights like the educated do not know what their corresponding duties are. In this connection, I would like to point out that, in India, even the so-called educated are not really aware of their duties, and, it is this that makes the situation dangerous and disastrous for the country.

Whether the duties be for the family, the society, the office, or the country we Indians as a whole are blissfully ignorant of our duties on all fronts. Successive Governments through the fifty-five years of our independence have also made no effort at all to awaken us to our duties.

All the time we hear from the pulpits that we must know about our rights but never, yes never do we hear that we must perform our duties only then, we get our rights. With this situation having existed for decades we only continue to be very well aware of our rights on all fronts but absolutely ignorant of the corresponding duties. With this situation rampant for decades, we Indians have become too much rights oriented, and we are never prone to think that, all those rights could be having duties with them.

For instance, in the family all children seem to know that, whatever there is in the house is theirs, they have a right on it all. Do they ever also realize that they have some duties also towards their parents, their grandparents and the home, or anyone else in the home? They never think of this aspect of their rights and never do the parents also teach them. This makes the children develop only an understanding of their rights.

Our attitude to the society is no better. We all expect the society to help us when we need help but, do we ever think that we also owe something to the same society? On the highest plane, the nation, when the country gives us so many indisputable rights, we do not even care to be loyal to the same country. With this situation in India we find every individual asking and fighting for his/her rights and no one ever even thinking whether he/she has any duties. This has developed in India a very selfish and self oriented society where everyone expects his/her rights to be honoured and there is no thought about any duties whatsoever.

Let us think as to what can be done to retrieve this peculiar situation. The most practical action will be either take away all rights or, awaken all to their duties as much as the lessons of rights have been dinned into their heads. Indians have very conveniently been able to separate rights from duties, the two inseparables everywhere else in the world. This however cannot continue forever as, it creates chaos and inefficiency everywhere.

Now, when we are at the brink of collapse, it is high time that we give more emphasis to duties than to rights. I would wish that, like the Human Rights Commission, a Commission for Human Duties be formed. This new organization must keep a hawkish look on people performing their duties. This would go a long way in making things better. Just as the Rights Commission keeps an eye over people not getting their due rights the Duties Commission would follow any, people evading Duties – and punish the evaders.

314 words essay on Rights of a citizen


The following are some of the basic or fundamental rights that a citizen should be guaranteed if he is to be free. These are political, economic and civic rights. Every person should have right to work, leisure and a decent living wage. He should be given free and compulsory education up to a certain standard, say higher secondary standard.

He should be able to acquire higher education irrespective of his economic circumstances, if he shows talent for that. Right to vote and election are primary political rights. Without these, a citizen cannot share political power and cannot make a contribution to the laws of the state.

Without such participation, he shall be frustrated. Right to speech, press, conВ­science, association and meeting are the basic civic rights. Without them a citizen can neither participate in political life nor can he lead creative and spontaneous social life. He cannot give a free expression to his social impulses. Every citizen should be equal before law; there should be no legal discrimination.

Without rule of law liberty cannot be safe; governВ­ment might become arbitrary. Right to property is a sacred right. But property must be self earned and justifiable socially.

The enjoyment of these rights along with development of human personality must ensure promotion of social, common welfare. These rights, therefore, imply duties towards other citizens. If I demand rights I must not interfere with similar rights of my neighbor.

In the end we may conclude with Laski, «Every state is known by the rights that it maintains.»

But rights are co-relative with functions. We have no right to act against the society. We have rights against the government but not against the society.

Rights help a man to develop. The aim of the state is to help a man to develop. So «they are rights because they are useful to the end the state seeks to serve».