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Short Essay on Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is just another name for modern-day slavery, wherein the victims involved are forced, coerced and deceived into labour and sexual exploitation.
The figures are scary. Almost 6, 00,000 to 8, 00,000 women and children are annually trafficked across national borders. This does not account for the numbers that are trafficked within their own countries.
Most human trafficking victims are actually duped into the trade by the false promises made regarding job opportunities. Many women from third world countries are lured into this trade with the bait of false marriages. Many of the victims are forced either directly with violence or indirectly with psychological blackmail into the trade.
Once they enter the countries of trade their passports are confiscated and with no money, no shelter, and no one to turn to they are left at the mercy of those who trade in human flesh.
Image Source: ywamcheb. org
Human trafficking is a multi-faceted threat. It robs people of their right of freedom. It is inhuman. The victims end devastated, demoralized and defeated. Those that suffer physical and emotional abuse and rape may never be able to live normal lives again. Those that are threatened live in constant fear and end being psychologically compromised.
The impact of human trafficking is chilling; and although, the brunt of it is faced by the victims, the nation suffers as a whole. Safety and security, the privileges of living in a free country are compromised.
India shows alarming rates of human trafficking. With an estimated 400 million children between 0 and 18 years, the country’s per capita income remaining low and 26 percent of the population living below the poverty line.
India has become a source, destination and transit country for men, woman, and children trafficked for forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation. India has become a transit hub for human trafficking with estimated millions, victim to human trafficking.
Trafficking in India is often disguised as migration, commercial sex or disgustingly even marriage. It is estimated that ninety percent of the India’s sex trafficking is internal. Women and girls are trafficked internally for commercial sex.
Children are subject to involuntary servitude as factory workers, domestic servants, beggars, agricultural workers and many times they are also sexually abused by their owners. No crime can be worse than this.
The child is mentally handicapped for the rest of his or her life. Hand embroidery factories mostly employ boys below the age of twelve.
The most beautiful carpets and hand embroidered designer gowns are often works of art created by victims of human trafficking. Girls are also trafficked from the neighboring countries like Bangladesh, and Nepal into India.
Many help lines like Child line have been set up to reach out especially to the street children, child labourers, and abused children.
Centres like Aakanksha help in rehabilitating the victims. Don Bosco National Forum has launched a website which is closely monitored by child welfare organizations in all cities of the country and a search for the child is started immediately after a complaint is registered.
The governments of some cities in India like Maharashstra have banned dance bars. However so much more needs to be done, yet. The problems must be tackled at grass roots. Also change must start with the people for the people.
The people must become the eyes and the arms of the government and make this crusade their own cause. Then and only then will we see an end to human trafficking.
25% of Canada’s human trafficking victims are minors: Statistics Canada
A man enters a massage parlour in Montreal. In 2012, the government stopped issuing temporary foreign worker permits to sex industry workers in an effort to crack down on human trafficking.
Ryan Remiorz / The Canadian Press
People under the age of 18 made up about a quarter of recorded human trafficking victims in Canada between 2009 and 2014, new data reveals.
In a recent report, Statistics Canada noted that minors not only make up a significant portion of victims of forced labour or sex trafficking crimes, but that they also make up around seven per cent of the perpetrators.
The 18 to 24 age cohort was even more startling, with nearly 50 per cent of victims and 41 per cent of perpetrators falling into that range.
Nicole Barrett, a human-trafficking expert at the University of British Columbia’s Allard School of Law, said that some of those numbers are supported by her experience with the Canadian Women’s Foundation’s National Task Force on the Trafficking of Women and Girls.
Anecdotally, she said, 12 or 13 years old was a common age when young women were forced into the sex trade.
“Many are kids,” she said “I wasn’t surprised by the youth of the victims (in the Statistics Canada study), but by the youth of the perpetrators … in my mind, that wasn’t the picture that I had.”
An action plan is unveiled on stopping sex trafficking in Edmonton, Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2015.
Barrett said that much like the overall picture of human trafficking in Canada, the data related to the ages of victims and abusers is hobbled by the fact that only a small fraction of trafficking crimes are ever uncovered or reported.
Canada still isn’t doing a good job monitoring labour trafficking in particular (nannies, seasonal agricultural workers, etc.), she said, and human trafficking is still “vastly under-counted” for a variety of reasons.
Victims of trafficking often don’t perceive themselves as such, for example, and in the case of temporary workers from other countries, they may actually want to be trafficked because they still earn more in Canada than they would at home.
WATCH: ‘I will never be just a girl again’: victim of human trafficking in Calgary
There are also varying definitions of trafficking, Barrett explained, and prosecutors will often choose to charge the traffickers with other, related crimes (like drug possession or passport forgery) which are more likely to net a conviction.
“They’re difficult cases to prove,” Barrett said of trafficking charges. “Many of the people I spoke with in law enforcement said they’re also expensive cases.”
The numbers support this. Once human trafficking cases are reported to the police, Statistics Canada found, few make it all the way through the court system.
“From 2005/2006 to 2013/2014, there were 53 completed adult criminal court cases involving human trafficking, of which the majority resulted in a finding of stayed or withdrawn,” the report notes.
In total, between 2009 and 2014, Statistics Canada reported that there were 396 victims of police-reported human trafficking. The actual number of victims could be much, much higher, Barrett said.
A spike in cases
Overall, reported cases of human trafficking in Canada have spiked in recent years, the Statistics Canada data reveals. Violations (including sex trafficking and forced labour) shot up by 50 per cent between 2013 and 2014, but Barrett said that may not be an entirely bad thing.
“It’s likely that the police are more focused on investigating these cases, and part of the spike could be because of greater diligence in actually trying to prosecute human trafficking crimes,” she said.
The researchers behind the Statistics Canada report seemed to be thinking along the same lines, writing that:
“It is important to note that the increase in human trafficking violations may be influenced by improved methods of reporting, detecting and investigating these incidents.”