Short essay on effects of overpopulation

Short essay on effects of overpopulation

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Cause and Effect of Overpopulation

Introduction

The population growth rate of human beings is quite worrying. Towns, streets, and schools have been overcrowded due to rapid population growth. For instance, by 1960 the earth harboured a population of 3 billion people. However, by 2010 the population had doubled. The reasons are crystal clear. Increased immigration and birth rates, and a decline in the rate of mortality, are evident causes of overpopulation. When the number of people surpasses the carrying capacity of a particular area, overpopulation occurs. We all know that resources are usually limited. («Human Overpopulation Causes, Effects, and Solutions»)

Although the population of human beings has been escalating in a continuous manner since 1400, the most dramatic increase has been in the last 5 decades. Chiefly as a result of availability of food and good medical care. The availability of food renders humans sexually active, which in turn, takes population growth to unclimbable heights. In addition, advancements in medical care decrease the death rate («Causes and Effects of Overpopulation»)

The effects of overpopulation are self-explanatory. When birth rates go up, natural resources get exhausted. This creates unforgiving economic strains at home. Consequently, we deplete fisheries, forests, plant, and animal species. Overpopulation is prominent in Africa, especially in the Sub-Sahara region, China, and India — an undesirable recipe to impoverishment. It is unfortunate that high levels of illiteracy and ignorance have facilitated overpopulation, as these people struggle to appreciate the role of family planning. Malnutrition, starvation, high Carbon (IV) Oxide content in the atmosphere, pollution, and global warming are the problems that come with overpopulation.

Child labour, juvenile crime, and truancy owe attribute to poverty. Children seek other means of survival because their parents cannot adequately provide for them. This scenario produces a corrupted breed of pessimists who see the world as a bully. Parents should not, therefore, relieve themselves of the obligation to raise their dependents in the best way possible.

It is by no coincidence that China has implemented birth control policies. In China each family is allowed to have one child only. China has an astonishing population of 1.4 billion people, and the number could have multiplied uncontrollably, were it not for the birth control strategy.

Conclusion

Interestingly, the poor families prefer having more children. To do justice to ourselves and our dependents, we must have few children. This shall enable us to give our children the best education, medication, food, and other incentives. They will have a good future and meet challenges ahead with pride. In this way, poverty, and crime rates would reduce to manageable levels.

Effects of overpopulation Essay

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Even thought the world is witnessing a sustainable improvement in all fields such as science and technology, it is still facing several problems that keep blocking it from improvement. One such problem is overpopulation that affects our life in many ways. Overpopulation generates three major effects: economy decline, environment downfall, and educational system decline. The first major effect of overpopulation is economy decline. When a country is overpopulated, it barely can support and provide people with necessary food to survive, so it will have no surplus to export. Not only this, but the worst thing is when a country is not able to feed its own people, then the only solution is to take debts from other countries. This puts the country in a critical situation from the economic perspective. Moreover, when the country is overpopulated, there is a high rate of unemployment because the government cannot afford job opportunities for the whole population, and also there will be no foreign investment because wherever there is overpopulation, there is an economic decline.

One way or another, this situation will lead to crimes and other kind of problems. Environment downfall is the second main effect of overpopulation. First, when there is overpopulation, people need more space where to live, and that means less of green space, less of forests, and less of farmlands. things that are necessary for surviving. Second, how says overpopulation says pollution with all its different types; as a result, the air, the water, and all the earth’s resources start being torn down. Finally, a high rate of population implies an abusive usage of natural resources; consequently, within a short period of time, we will end up being in a world empty of natural resources, especially the non-renewable ones. The third and the last main effect of overpopulation is educational system decline.

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The higher the population of a country, the more teachers are needed in schools, and this leads directly to overcrowded schools since the government cannot afford the cost of paying additional teachers, and building new schools with larger capacity. This will affect in a very negative way student’s way of learning and attitude; for instance, when they see that the conditions are discouraging and not motivating for studying, either they drop out of school or they get involved in some morale deviation like drug usage. Above are the three main effects of overpopulation and their characteristics. It is an issue that concerns everybody, so people should start to think about it seriously and take the necessary measures to reduce or at least stop this phenomenon that is making our life harder from increasing.

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