Simple essay on child labour in india

Simple essay on child labour in india

Essay On Child Labour For Student & Children In Simple English


The Word Child Labour Means Employing Small Children In Any Type Off Work In Society, Organisation Or Any Enterprise.

Employing Child Is Very Profitable As The Children Do More Work Taking Less Money But Sometimes The Children Are Being Abducted So That The Children Will Work For Free.

They Also Do Not Take Proper Care Of The Abducted Children, Do Not Provide Them With Proper Food And Also Do Not Give Them A Proper Place For Shelter.

In Child Labour, The Children On Employment Are Beaten Or Threatened If They Don’t Do Their Work Properly. Provided With Fewer Wages.


The Child Labour Started And Reached To Extreme Level During The Industrial Revolution. During Industrial Revolution, The Small Children Were Employed To Work For a Long Time In Dangerous Situations And Hazardous Environment For Very Fewer Wages.

Children’s Were Used At Factory As They Were Easy To Manage As They Didn’t Have So Many Requirements. But In The Middle Of 19th Century, Educational Reformers Convince That The Primary School Education Was Necessary For The Personal Development Of The Child And Also For The Development Of The Country.

Then Many Countries Stated Minimum Age For Labour And Requirement For The Attendance In School But The Law Was Not Much Strong And Child Labour Started Again.

The Law Became Strong Under The National Industrial Recovery Act That Serves To Reduce Child Labour And Many Other Acts Like Mines Act And The Child-Adolescent Labour Act Were Proposed.

After That Many New Types Of Machinery Were Made And The Simple Task Was Done By The Children And For Efficient Work The Machinery Were Handled By Skilled Adult.


Today The Main Cause Of Child Labour Is The Financial Situation Of The Family That Is The Child Belong To Poor Family.

It Also Causes Due To The Illiteracy Of The Parents They Don’t Understand What Is More Important Child Education Or Money They Think Money Is More Important And They Need That Money For The Daily Needs.

If The Child’s Parent Was Working As A Child Labour During His Small Age It Might Happen That He Need That His Child Should Also Do Child Labour They Neglect The Importance Of Primary Education.

Child Labour Does Not Only Takes Place Due To Poverty Or Parents Illiteracy It Also Takes Place Due To The Non-Availability Of Schools Hence They Have No Option They Send Their Child For Employment So That He Can Learn Something To Get The Money For Daily Needs.


Child Labour Is The Universal Problem. In India Child, Labour Is Very Common. There Are Various Rules And Acts Upon The Child Labour But People In India Employee Small Children In Their Shop For Work.

Sometimes They Employee Their Own Child For Work In The Shop So That He Can Handle The Shop After Him. Due To a Large Number Of Child Labour Illegally Employed In India The Indian Government Has Taken Many Actions.

Such As Geneva Declaration Of The Write Off Children Act Was Passed In 1924. India Has Legislation Since 1986 Which Allows Working Of Child And Non-Hazardous Industry.

But After That It Was Directed That There Should Be Total Ban On The Employment Of Children Up To Age 14 Whether The Industry Is Hazardous Or Non-Hazardous.

Speech on Child Labour

Speech recitation, group discussion, etc are some of the most important necessities of the student’s school life as such activities help them to develop leadership qualities by eliminating their fear in front of public. Now-a-days, it is very necessary for the students to take part in the activities other than the academic activities because of the ever growing competitive environment. They must involve whenever they get chance as speech recitation is the only activity which removes student’s hesitation of talking. We have provided below variety of speeches on child labour in order to help students to actively participate in the speech recitation during any event celebration in their school. All the child labour speech provided below are written using very easy words and simple sentences especially for the students. So, you can select any of the speeches on child labour according to your need and requirement:

Child Labour Speech

Child Labour Speech 1

Good morning to the respected Principal sir, sir, madam and my dear colleagues. My name is … I study in class … We have gathered here to celebrate this special occasion of … So, I would like to speech on child labour, a big social issue, interfering the growth and development of country. First of all I would like to thank my class teacher for offering me such a great opportunity to speech here.

My dear friends, child labour has been a big social issue which interferes the nation’s development to a great extent. As we all know that children become the future of the country so why people are using child labour only for their small benefits. Why they do not see from our eyes, why they do not let small children to live their sweet childhood? Why they keep small children away from their right of education. Some of the industrialists and businessmen involve children in some kind of employment at very low cost labour. They do so only for their greediness of getting efficient work at low cost of labour.

Child labour withdraws small children from their sweet and memorable childhood. It interferes with their regular schooling as it disturbs them mentally, physically, socially and morally. It is very dangerous and harmful disease to the children as well as country. This exploitative practice is still continuing by various international organizations despite of various strict rules and regulations all across the world which prohibits child labour. This social issue is running in the society for many years from the ancient time which has affected the development to a great extent.

Most of the children are involved in the child labour in the fields like agriculture, factories, home-based assembly operations, mining, production, and other services. Some of them have to work in night shifts or over time because of the need of more work and earn some more money for improving the financial condition of their family. Their normal routine of work become 12 hours long for which they get paid a little amount. The most important and primary causes of the child labour are very low family income, unavailability of schools with proper facilities for poor children, and illiteracy among poor parents.

This issue has been spread like a virus to the wide range of areas in the developing countries because of the high poverty, poor schooling opportunities, high population rate, lack of adult emplacement, etc. The highest incidence rate of child labour was in sub-Saharan Africa in 2010. According to this, more than 50% of the children (aged 5-14 years) of Africa were working. The agriculture field worldwide has been a largest employer of child labour for years. A big percentage of child labour is found in the rural settings and informal urban economy where children are forcefully employed by their owner or parents. According to the statistics of World Bank, there is seen some decrease in the incidence of child labour worldwide (25% in 1960 however, reduced to 10% by 2003).

My dear friends, we should be aware in detail about this problem and take some positive steps to remove this issue from the society. As being youth of the country, we are highly responsible towards the growth and development of the country, so we should work positively in the fields interfering it to go ahead.

Jai Hind, Jai Bharat

Child Labour Speech 2

Good morning to the Principal sir, sir, madam, my seniors and dear friends. My name is … I study in class … At this event, I would like to speech on child labour, its causes, and steps taken by government to remove this social issue from the society. I am very grateful to my class teacher that she has given me such as a great opportunity to speech on this topic in front of you.

Child labour is the wrong practice running in the society worldwide for years from the ancient time. It is not only a national issue but it is a worldwide issue. Child labour is the act of involving children in some type of labour at very low cost to get efficient work by the owners, industrialists, businessmen, etc. Generally they involve children in economic activity on part time basis. Somewhere children work for full night and over time without any leave to get more financial help. Child labour interferes with the physical and mental development of the children. It has taken its deep root in the society because of poverty, lack of shelter and food, lack of facilities for poor people, lack of education, big gap between rich and poor, growth of informal economy, etc.

According to the national census of India, the number of child labour (aged 4-15 years ) in 1998 was around 12.6 million, between 2009-2010 it was around 4.98 million (aged 5-14 years) and in 2011 it was around 4.35 million (aged 5-14). Here we see that child labour is decreasing year wise however, the question is, why we are not able to finish it completely even after living in an advanced era? Why it is decreasing very slowly, and not has finished yet? I think the main reason behind it; people have not developed their mind level positively yet. There is still the existence of dictatorship of rich people over poor people in the society. There is a big gap between rich and poor; well developed people have not capacity to accept equality in the society.

Indian law has specified around 64 industries as hazardous in which employing children are considered as criminal offence. Around 120,000 children in the country were involved in the hazardous job in 2001. The Constitution of India has prohibited the employment of children in hazardous industries however, not in non-hazardous industries. According to the UNICEF, it is estimated that the highest number of child labour is in India (under 14 years of age) all over the world. According to the International Labour Organization, around 60% of all the child labour is involved in agriculture whereas 70% by the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization.

Child labour in the hazardous industries is prohibited by the Article 24 of India’s constitution. There are various laws and the Indian Penal Code (such as Juvenile Justice (care and protection) of Children Act-2000, Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act-1986, etc) working in the field to stop child labour in India.

Child Labour Speech 3

Good morning to the Excellencies, Principal sir, sir, madam, my seniors and dear friends. My name is … I study in class … I would like to speech on child labour at this occasion because it is one of the big issues interfering with the growth and development of our country. I would like to say a big thank to my class teacher to give me such as a great opportunity to speech here on this topic.

My dear friends, child labour is a global issue, it is not the issue of our country only so, it needs a global effort to get removed from the society. It has affected worldwide especially developing countries to a great extent. Children are involved in various types of labour at low payment; bonded child labour is one of them. It is a very old system in India in which children are forced, or partly forced by the owner to perform their job for long time. In this system, especially child or his/her parents have to agree for an agreement (oral or written) with the creditor. It was emerged in India during colonial period to get reliable and cheap labour at loan or land-lease relationship basis. Legislation was passed in 1977 in order to prohibit bonded child labour in India. However, some evidences have found proving the continuation of bonded child labour in the country.

Child labour is a serious issue in the society in terms of economic welfare because children involved in labour at their little age cannot get necessary education. They drop the opportunity of being a well developed (physically, mentally, intellectually, socially, psychologically and financially) citizen of the nation. Their physical and mental condition reduces day by day which makes them more vulnerable to various diseases. They remain illiterate lifelong which limit their ability to contribute in the well-being of their own and country.

There is need to make industrialists and businessmen well aware about all the adverse effects of child labour on the country’s development. Everyone must understand that education is the only tool to improve necessary skills among children which will help in increasing their own and nation’s productivity through secured higher-skilled jobs in future. It needs some effective and positive steps to be taken by the end of all Indian citizens especially well educated youths of the country to remove this social issue.

Child Labour Speech 4

Good morning to the Excellencies, respected Principal sir, sir, madam, my seniors and dear colleagues. My name is … I study in class … Today we are here to celebrate this occasion so, I would like to speech on the topic of child labour. I am very grateful to my class teacher that she has given me such as a great opportunity to speech here on this topic.

My dear friends, I feel very proud to be the citizen of India however, on the other hand, it makes me shame also that our country is a home to largest number of child laborers all over the world. It is just because of some greedy and clever Indian citizens who involve small children in hazardous labour at low labour cost for their benefits. They never think about the development of their country; they are very selfish and want their own benefits only. Most of the child labour is found in the agriculture field in rural areas and in mining industry, zari, embroidery industry, etc in the urban areas.

Some of the main causes of child labour are poverty, lack of basic facilities to all, lack of social security, etc. There is a big gap between rich and poor people of society, limitation to the basic facilities, and huge level inequality. Such type of social issues adversely affects children of the society (especially poor child) more than other age groups.

Because of the poor condition and lack of knowledge, poor children become ready to work hard for a little payment where they are used as domestic workers in the urban areas. This condition of child labour almost resembles to the situation of slavery. Most of the parents give birth to their children only to earn money and strengthen their financial condition. They involve their kids in the domestic works as their support. We generally see children working in the tea stalls, dhabas, restaurants, hotels, and other hazardous occupations.

It is seen that children involve in the child labour are generally belong to the schedules tribes, schedule castes, OBC and Muslims children. It means, castism (low cast poor people) is also the big reason of child labour in India. Its existence in such an advanced era is because of the inefficient laws, bad administrative system, lack of political desire to eliminate it completely and huge benefits to the employers.

Bonded child labour is also a type of child labour which is generally found in the informal sector. In this, poor children become bonded to work for an employer against a loan, inherited debt or social obligation by the family. We can say bonded labour a form of slavery. Bonded child laborers are more prone to the physical and sexual abuse and any type of negligence cause death. They become psychologically and mentally ill and do not have any other option to survive. As being youth of the country, we should understand our responsibility towards the nation and take some positive steps to eliminate this social issue.

Short Speech on Child Labour in India (502 Words)

The preamble to India’s constitution states that India is a democratic country. It guarantees us Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. The preamble officially promised all these on the 26th day of November, 1949. The constitution gave us fundamental rights which include the Right against Exploitation. But do these utopian promises make any sense to that waif rushing with tea to a customer who abuses him even for the slightest delay?

The truth is not simple and sweet. Globalised India has, as some point out, made the difference between rich and poor come out in the open as never before. Pre-globalisation, India did not have as many village boys struggling for life in the city as the twenty-first century.

Unplanned industrial expansion at the cost of agricultural land, deforestation, equally unplanned and rampant, exploitation of groundwater resources in villages have made life in Indian villages difficult. Innumerable villages which depended on the forest for survival now find that the very source of their survival has been disappearing. They may not understand global warming but they do understand when their bread is taken away. The process began long ago. That started the migration of the village boy to the city in search of a better life.

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But the lonely village boy in a big bad city seldom finds the ‘life’ he comes for. He ends up working long hours for meagre wages. His poverty and need make him vulnerable to exploitation. Some children also work without any proper wages. This is against the law. Worse, you will also find children below the age of 14 engaged in work that is, to put it politely, dangerous.

According to our constitution, making children work without wages and making children aged below 14 work in mines, factories and other dangerous places is illegal. The truth, however, is that in every nook and corner of Indian cities, one can find boys and girls as young as six doing all kinds of jobs for any small remuneration. Being physically weak, they have to bear a lot of verbal and physical abuse within and without their workplace. At time things are worse and some die in circumstances as these.

No social security is active or proactive enough to check this. They are reactive on some rare occasions. But usually that does not solve the problem. You rescue fourteen boys between ages of 7 and 14 working in a tobacco factory and send them to a rehabilitation centre. Within two weeks, they prefer the freedom of the pavement life to the nauseating claustrophobia in a rehabilitating centre.

Can we imagine the way they shall perceive the world? What if they decided to pay back to civilisation what ‘civilisation’ has given to them? Would you label these boys as criminals then? It is high time we recognised the gravity of the danger that stares society in the face if these kids prefer to labour in the world of crime for an extra rupee or two!