928 Words Essay on Rights and Duties of a Good Citizen
Rights and Duties are like to two sides of a coin, absolutely inseparable. Whenever and wherever we have any rights, we must have corresponding duties. Whether it be the home, the society or the country, in every sphere of life we have rights and duties that go hand in hand. We have rights in the same measure as we have duties. Let us be very clear that there can be no rights without an equal measure of corresponding duties or responsibilities.
Part III of the Indian Constitution enumerates the Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens, including the right to equality, speech, expression etc. However, originally the Indian Constitution did not include a chapter on fundamental duties of citizens.
In 1976 only this has been incorporated in order to restrict and balance rights and duties. However, sufficient attention has not been given to duties of the citizens and this neglect is here for all of us to see and bear. All Indians are very well aware of their rights but none yes, none of any category seem to be equally aware of duties. We continue to ask for this right and that right but, do we ever wait to ponder if we are doing our duties also?
Not only the Indian Constitution even most of the Western countries have ignored the inclusion of fundamental duties in their books. However, there it did not ever lead to chaos similar to what we see here in India. This is because, most of these advanced countries of the West are imbued with a high sense of patriotism as a result of education and training in their elementary duties and obligations as citizens. There also people are taught about their rights but, at the same time they are also taught what the country expects from them.
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By and large, they conduct themselves as responsible citizens of their respective countries, showing full regard to all others and to the country. The education and training given to them makes it possible for them to be responsible even though, even there, people’s duties are not very clearly specified, but the education makes a great difference.
This situation does not exist in India, where 75% are rural masses mostly unlettered. These people having received all rights like the educated do not know what their corresponding duties are. In this connection, I would like to point out that, in India, even the so-called educated are not really aware of their duties, and, it is this that makes the situation dangerous and disastrous for the country.
Whether the duties be for the family, the society, the office, or the country we Indians as a whole are blissfully ignorant of our duties on all fronts. Successive Governments through the fifty-five years of our independence have also made no effort at all to awaken us to our duties.
All the time we hear from the pulpits that we must know about our rights but never, yes never do we hear that we must perform our duties only then, we get our rights. With this situation having existed for decades we only continue to be very well aware of our rights on all fronts but absolutely ignorant of the corresponding duties. With this situation rampant for decades, we Indians have become too much rights oriented, and we are never prone to think that, all those rights could be having duties with them.
For instance, in the family all children seem to know that, whatever there is in the house is theirs, they have a right on it all. Do they ever also realize that they have some duties also towards their parents, their grandparents and the home, or anyone else in the home? They never think of this aspect of their rights and never do the parents also teach them. This makes the children develop only an understanding of their rights.
Our attitude to the society is no better. We all expect the society to help us when we need help but, do we ever think that we also owe something to the same society? On the highest plane, the nation, when the country gives us so many indisputable rights, we do not even care to be loyal to the same country. With this situation in India we find every individual asking and fighting for his/her rights and no one ever even thinking whether he/she has any duties. This has developed in India a very selfish and self oriented society where everyone expects his/her rights to be honoured and there is no thought about any duties whatsoever.
Let us think as to what can be done to retrieve this peculiar situation. The most practical action will be either take away all rights or, awaken all to their duties as much as the lessons of rights have been dinned into their heads. Indians have very conveniently been able to separate rights from duties, the two inseparables everywhere else in the world. This however cannot continue forever as, it creates chaos and inefficiency everywhere.
Now, when we are at the brink of collapse, it is high time that we give more emphasis to duties than to rights. I would wish that, like the Human Rights Commission, a Commission for Human Duties be formed. This new organization must keep a hawkish look on people performing their duties. This would go a long way in making things better. Just as the Rights Commission keeps an eye over people not getting their due rights the Duties Commission would follow any, people evading Duties – and punish the evaders.
JDKPS Helpers Shashwat & Puney
(CLASS – 8th)Essay-The rights and responsibilities of citizens… .
The rights and responsibilities of citizens
We need to know and learn our responsibilities as good citizens. We are a part of the society. We must understand that each of us is responsible for what we do in this society. Don’t think that our actions will have no effect on our life. If the society gets hurt due to our reckless actions, we are bound to be affected at some point of time. Our collaborative actions and thoughts have many effects on the overall society. So, our responsibility as good citizen of this country is to care of the society and also to unite the entire country.
Should we care or not about our social responsibilities? Of course, we should. Before you take an initiative to change the country, try to change the society you live in first. For that, you’ve to unite and stay connected to the members of your society. Our responsibilities as good citizens would be making our society a safe and equal place for all. We need to live life without being feared about our safety. Do everything possible to make that happen. We need determination, education and a brave heart to do that, nothing else. We also have to make our society rules justifiable and equal to everyone.
So, one of our responsibilities as good citizens would be making our own living space as clean and organized as possible. We have to be responsible enough to keep the country and the society clean. Do not throw garbage here and there. Make a system to keep the dirts and garbage covered so that it doesn’t pollute the water and the soil anyhow.
Importance of Being Responsible:
Why we should care about our responsibilities as good citizens? Because each and every action of ours will be accountable for the development of our society and country at the end. The society and the country are made of the mankind. Our actions, thoughts and behavior are going to produce the end result, that’s why. If our country is not a safe place today, this means some people are doing something wrong, which is creating a very bad impact on the life of others.
Our responsibilities as good citizens are doing good for the country and the society in all. We need to end corruption as well if we want justice for all. As the well being of the society and also the future of our children are upon us, you’ve to make sure you never encourage corruption. If we do, our children are going to suffer at the end. Also, one of the most important responsibilities as good citizens is trying to end discrimination. Our country has still not been able to come out of the curse like racial discrimination. In our country, still people are getting killed because of social discriminations.
Our responsibilities as good citizens will be doing good for the country. The country and social welfare depend on our accumulative actions. We all have to try to make this country the best place to live. Ensuring no crime, no corruption and no insecurity should be our responsibilities as good citizens. You must understand these responsibilities so that we can do good to ourselves and our children.
Rights must be balanced with responsibilities
By Prashanth Shanmugan
The preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights boldly proclaims that the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace is the «recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family.»
Sixty-two years ago today, after the horrors and devastation of World War II, the leaders of the world came together to unite humanity as never before, under a common charter of rights. On December 10, 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo and his wife Liu Xia. The jailed activist is this year’s winner of the Nobel peace prize.
An overlooked feature of the declaration is that it ends with duties and obligations upon an individual to their community. Sadly, we have become obsessed with rights, without any corresponding sense of duty, obligation or responsibility. I truly believe that with rights come responsibilities. There needs to be a balance, for our privileges can be no greater than our obligations.
There is a responsibility norm, which emerged out of the shadows of the Second World War. This is highlighted in the opening remarks of US chief justice Robert Jackson at the Nuremberg war crimes trials.
«The privilege of opening the first trial in history for crimes against the peace of the world imposes a grave responsibility,» he said. «The wrongs which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant, and so devastating, that civilisation cannot tolerate their being ignored, because it cannot survive their being repeated.»
Later, US president John F. Kennedy said «the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God». What he means is that human rights are universal and inherent. One is born with them. The state does not give you those rights; rather it is the responsibility of the state to recognise them.
The defence of human rights is not just an issue for the free world; rather it is the responsibility of a free people. Therefore it is fitting that Justice Jackson spoke in terms of humanity’s «grave responsibility». We should not forget that liberty is forgiving of many failings, but it forgives neither apathy nor neglect.
Human rights are not a construct of Western civilisation. They are global and every culture and spiritual tradition has various codes and laws regarding the «rights of man». The earliest codification of human rights is from Cyrus the Great of Persia, from the sixth century BC.
But human rights do not seek to protect your culture; instead they protect you from your culture’s limitations and confinements. Human rights are about the rights of the individual.
Human responsibility is about encouraging people to be more socially engaged, in the political process, in social issues and in the global community. History has taught us that every time the public engages, the standards of the media go up, and every time the standards of the media go up, politicians follow. Public policy should be about the dominance of altruism over egoism. Therefore the responsibility of leadership is to serve people, not to dominate them. For this to happen we should acknowledge that our privileges can be no greater than our obligations.
Apart from today being Human Rights Day, it is also the anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel prizes. In his honour, the Nobel peace prize is presented on this day each year. This year’s laureate is imprisoned Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo. He will not be in Oslo today.
In 2001, the Nobel peace prize was jointly awarded to the United Nations and its then secretary-general Kofi Annan for «their work for a better organised and more peaceful world». In his Nobel lecture, Annan said: «genocide begins with the killing of one man — not for what he has done, but because of who he is . . . Poverty begins when even one child is denied his or her fundamental right to education. What begins with the failure to uphold the dignity of one life, all too often ends with a calamity for entire nations.»
On this Human Rights Day, as our elected leaders strive to safeguard our nation’s interest, they should not fail to safeguard the human interest, because that is the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace in the world.
Prashanth Shanmugan is a geopolitical strategist, writer and a United Nations Ambassador for the Global Atlas of Human Rights. He was the recipient of the Human Rights Commission’s inaugural Human Rights Youth Medal. He blogs at: www. shanmugan. com.
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